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Silvermaster File
Summaries

To view a file volume after reading its summary, select "VIEW FILE" at the end of the summary. (To download a copy of the volume to your computer, right-click "VIEW FILE" and select "Save Target As...") These volumes are reproduced as PDF files. To view them, you need Adobe Reader. (You can download the latest version free here.) Note: Many of the volumes are very large, and may take some time to download, depending upon your connection speed

Volume 1

November 1945

Recounts the earliest Bentley allegations and the beginning of Bureau efforts to follow up on these. Contains an overview of the penetration problem as initially described by Bentley, plus preliminary data pulled together on Silvermaster, Currie, Miller, staffers at OSS, Treasury, and elsewhere. Also discussed are Bentley disclosures on media-related figures, including Winston Burdett of CBS and Mary Price, a Bentley contact formerly in the office of columnist Walter Lippmann. VIEW FILE

Volume 2

November 1945

Numerous requests and authorizations for FBI wiretaps and mail covers on principal Bentley suspects. Surveillance data on activities and interactions of such people and their contacts—Robert Miller, Joseph Gregg, Minter Wood, Harold Glasser, Donald Wheeler, et al. Information concerning Cedric Belfrage, Frederick V. Field, Louise Bransten, and many others. Indicates FBI had started to assemble data fragments into larger picture. VIEW FILE

Volume 3

early December 1945

Discussion of and background data on various people named by Bentley and their contacts, including secondary figures who were or would be the focus of other investigative efforts—Abe Brothman, Marya Blow, William Hinckley, Harry Magdoff, Irving Kaplan, David Weintraub. Further detail about associates of Robert Miller. VIEW FILE

Volume 4

mid to late December 1945

Wiretap-surveillance logs on Silvermaster, Harold Glasser, Alger Hiss, interactions of Maurice Halperin, Philip Dunaway, and David Wahl. Contacts among Silvermaster, Philip Keeney, and Wahl. Surveillance of Albert Kahn. Designation of file as “Gregory” case (code name for Bentley). (Forthcoming)

Volume 5

late November–December ’45

Preliminary survey of individual cases, including biographical data, Bentley allegations, surveillance findings, and security information. Discusses U.S. suspects, alleged outside Communist contacts, and identified Soviet agents. Indexed by name in following order:

Anatoli Borisovich Gromov, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, William Ludwig Ullmann, Jacob N. Golos, Joseph B. Gregg, Maurice Halperin, Victor Perlo, Bernard Sidney Redmont, Abraham George Silverman, Helen Tenney, Harold Glasser, Bela Gold, Sonia Gold, Donald Wheeler, Charles Kramer, Major Duncan Lee, Sol Leshinsky, Henry Magdoff, Robert Talbott Miller III, Willard Z. Park, Gaik Badolovitch Ovakimian, Michael Greenberg, William Walter Remington, Eugene Hiss [sic], J. Julius Joseph, Major Charles G. Kades, V. J. Jerome, Irving Kaplan, Hazen Size, William H. Taylor, Sol Adler, Elizabeth Terrill Bentley, F. Brown, Lauchlin Currie, Edward Fitzgerald, Harry Dexter White, Allan R. Rosenberg, Ruth Rivkin, George Perazich, Mary Price, World Tourist, Inc., U. S. Service and Shipping Company, Lt. Col. John H. Reynolds VIEW FILE

Volume 6

late November 1945

Consists almost entirely of 107-page formal Bentley statement giving overview and numerous details on Communist/Soviet operation in U.S., signed by her on November 30, 1945, and witnessed by FBI agents. Discusses linkage of apparatus to Soviet handlers and recounts several score individual cases including all principal suspects and such lesser lights as Julius Joseph, Allan Rosenberg, Ruth Rifkin, Bernard Redmont, Willard Park, Peter Rhodes.

Much discussion also of espionage tradecraft, conflicts between Bentley and her Soviet handlers over who should manage US governmental contacts, involvement of former Communist Party chief Earl Browder, Bentley’s growing disillusionment. Comprehensive name index at end, including individuals and organizations VIEW FILE

Volume 7

late November 1945

Tracks extensive inter-relationships of suspects, including Robert Miller, Joseph Gregg, Peter Rhodes, Maurice Halperin, David Wahl, Silvermaster, Mary Jane Keeney, and numerous others. Data on background and 1940 draft deferment request by State Department in behalf of Alger Hiss. Interactions of Victor Perlo and Stanley Graze. Description of photographic set-up in Silvermaster basement. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Sol Adler, Lauchlin Currie, Edward Fitzgerald, Harold Glasser, Bela Gold, Sonia Gold, Michael Greenberg, Joseph B. Gregg, Maurice Halperin, Alger Hiss, Irving Kaplan, Charles Kramer, Lt. Col. Duncan C. Lee, Sol Leshinsky [sic], Harry Magdoff, Robert T. Miller III, Willard Z. Park, George N. Perazich, Victor Perlo, Bernard Sidney Redmont, Peter Christopher Rhodes, Ruth S. Rifkin, Allan R. Rosenberg, Abraham George Silverman, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, Hazen Edward Sise, William H. Taylor, Helen Tenney, William Ludwig Ullmann, Donald Niven Wheeler, Harry Dexter White VIEW FILE

Volume 8

December 1945

Surveillance summary on numerous suspects: Brothman, Silvermaster, William Ludwig Ullmann, A. George Silverman, Harry White, Victor Perlo, Alger Hiss, Joseph Gregg, Duncan Lee, Peter Rhodes, Lauchlin Currie, Solomon Adler, etc. Statement that no fewer than 227 FBI agents in Washington and New York were involved with the investigation, and proposal to cut back on scope of surveillance to focus on primary suspects.

Statement also that Bureau results to date confirm Bentley, as follows: “Generally speaking, Bentley’s allegations regarding Communist Party sympathies, personal acquaintances and contacts between individuals named and their access to certain types of Government information has been born out by data already in Bureau files as well as by physical and technical surveillance.” Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Peter C. Rhodes, Joseph Gregg, Dr. Abraham B. Weinstein, Alexander Koral, Julius Shrager, Richard Koral, Jack Koral, Gregory, Ray Elson, Joseph Elson, Mrs. James E. Hurley, Frank Dutto, Lena Dutto, Murray Kane, Josephine Kane, Billie Hardy, Louise H. Schatz, Lauchlin Currie, Harry Dexter White, Ruth Terry White, Dr. Abraham Wolfson, Dr. Martin Wangh, Allan R. Rosenberg, Warren R. Scharfman, Mary Wolfe Price, James Hibben, James Herbert Hibben, Mildred Price, Abraham Brothman, A. Brothman and Associates, Ferruccio Marini, Juliet Stuart Poyntz Glaser, Mr. and Mrs. William Hinckley, Lem Harris, Nathan and Helen Silvermaster, Sol Adler VIEW FILE

Volume 9

late December 1945

Continuing surveillance of Bentley people and their contacts, including Washington governmental cases but with particular emphasis on New York-based suspects. Indexed by name as follows:

Ray Elson, Abe Hackman, Mrs. Sarge Ettlinger, Susan Siporin, Mrs. Ray Elson, Peter C. Rhodes, Maurice J. English, Clifton R. Read, Lauchlin Currie, International Industrial Development Corporation, Irving Kaplan, Martin Wangh, Ann Wangh, Abraham Wolfson, Lement Upham Harris, Alexander Koral, Claymer Schluter, William Walter Remington, Allan Rosenberg, William Weiner, Mary Wolfe Price, James Herbert Hibben, Mildred Price VIEW FILE

Volume 10

December 1945

Background and biographical data from interviews, surveillance, educational, employment, or draft records and security files on more than three dozen subjects, including individuals and organizations. Indexed by name as follows (plus comprehensive name, subject index at end):

Alexander Koral, Gregory [i.e., Bentley], Colonel John H. Reynolds, Lem Harris, Ted Bayer, Alexsandrovich Chaliaplin, Ray Elson, Joseph Elson, Frank Dutto, Peter C. Rhodes, N. Gregory Silvermaster, Helen Silvermaster, Abraham Brothman, Rose Arenal, Luis Arenal Bastar, Albert E. Kahn, Bernard Schuster, World Tourist, Incorporated, United States Service and Shipping Corporation, Michael Endelman, Pauline Rogers, Mildred Price, Tom Moore Price, Ruth Price, John Paul Price, William Enoch Price, Dr. James V. Price, Carolina Davis Price, Wright Moore Price, Pattie Branson Price, China Aid Council, Samuel L. M. Barlow, Dr. Phyllis Ackerman, Arthur Upham Pope, Harold Russell Coy, Victor Perlo, Charlie Kramer, John Abt, Frederick V. Field, Lieutenant Colonel Duncan C. Lee, Jerome K. Orbach VIEW FILE

Volume 11

mid to late December 1945

Further summary of surveillance and other investigative data, again involving some Washington suspects but with a preponderance of cases from New York, including interviews with and observations by Bentley concerning her New York Communist Party contacts. Indexed by name as follows:

Gregory [Bentley], Helen Johns, Ted Bayer, Earl Browder, Alexander Koral, Ray Elson, Frank Dutto, “Fanny”, “Jack”, Abe Hochman, Verona Daniel Hardy, Abraham Brothman, Michael Greenberg, Pauline Rogers, Michael Endelman, Lauchlin Currie, John L. Spivak, Willard Z. Park, Albert E. Kahn

Also, miscellaneous information on surveillance methods and results, plus wrap-up on Washington suspect William W. Remington. VIEW FILE

Volume 12

mid to late December 1945

Comprehensive, 255-page compilation of surveillance logs and background checks focused on major Washington cases. Shows numerous interactions among suspects, their contacts with more peripheral figures, and the involvement of Soviet Embassy officials. Indexed by name as follows (with more comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Lauchlin Currie, Edward J. Fitzgerald, Fedor Alexeevich Garanin, Harold Glasser, Bela Gold, Sonia Gold, Joseph B. Gregg, Anatoli Borisovich Gromov, Maurice Halperin, Alger Hiss, Irving Kaplan, Charles Kramer, Lt. Col. Duncan C. Lee, Sol Leshinsky, Harry S. Magdoff, Robert Talbott Miller III, Willard Z. Park, Victor Perlo, Bernard Sidney Redmont, William Walter Remington, Peter Christopher Rhodes, Ruth Rifkin, Allan Robert Rosenberg, Claymer Schluter, Abraham George Silverman, Helen Tenney, Hazen Edward Sise, William Ludwig Ullmann, Donald Niven Wheeler, Harry Dexter White. VIEW FILE

Volume 13

December 1945

Further discusses curtailing physical surveillance of so many people. Extended discussion of Michael Greenberg and Mary Price, both involved with China issues. Greenberg connections to Lauchlin Currie, Owen Lattimore, Hilda Austern, and others. FBI confirmation of Bentley statement that N. G. Silvermaster had photographic set-up in his home. Data on Maurice Halperin, Willard Park, Helen Tenney, linkage of Silvermaster to Currie. Bureau comments on “evidentiary problems” relating to Amerasia case. Comprehensive name/subject index at end. VIEW FILE

Volume 14

December 1945—January 1946

Interactions of Maurice Halperin, Joseph Gregg, Robert Miller, and unidentified woman employed by UNRRA. Contacts recounted among George Perazich of UNRRA staff (Yugoslavia), Irving Kaplan, Edward Fitzgerald. Further details on Perazich. Contacts of Robert Miller with Herman Habicht, John Marsalka, Minter Wood, and, apparently, Alger Hiss. Further background on Mildred Price. Extensive biographical data on Miller, listing more than 70 individuals known as contacts of Miller and his wife, including Travis Hedrick, Duncan Aikman, Alice and Philip Raine, Maurice Halperin, John Hazard, Randolph Feltus, E. J. Askwith, John Marsalka, Haldore Hanson, Florence Levy, Howard Fast, Charles A. Page, Minter Wood, and Rowena Rommel, plus additional contacts of Russian origin or nationality. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 15

December 1945

First appearance of FBI chart depicting relationships among Bentley suspects and their associates, including Washington and New York contacts, Silvermaster group, Perlo group, Soviet intermediaries and agents. Extensive background on Grace Granich, links to Amerasia group, and report that she was to be contacted by John Stewart Service of the State Department. Background on Michael Greenberg, connected to IPR, Andrew Roth of Amerasia case, Bowen Smith and others in federal government. Further background on Alger Hiss, Irving Kaplan, Dr. Abraham Weinstein, and others. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 16

December 1945—January 1946

Reproduces FBI Director Hoover’s letter of Nov. 8, ’45 to Gen. Harry Vaughan in the White House, for the attention of President Truman, giving a quick provisional summary of Bentley’s initial revelations. Among the individuals named as suspects: N. G. Silvermaster, Harry Dexter White, Lauchlin Currie, Duncan Lee, Maurice Halperin, and others.

Also, Hoover memos of Nov. 14 and Nov. 15 recounting the president’s response, telling Hoover to discuss matter with Secretary of State James Byrnes. Hoover says names of principal Bentley suspects given to Byrnes also, mentions defection of Soviet code clerk Igor Gouzenko in Canada, and discusses case of J. Robert Oppenheimer, of collateral concern to both Byrnes and Hoover.

Volume also contains extensive background on Albert Kahn and his reported contacts including Mrs. John Abt (Jessica Smith), Howard Fast, former White House aide David Niles, CP leader Gilbert Green, union leader Harry Bridges, Philip Jaffe of Amerasia. VIEW FILE

Volume 17

(Forthcoming)

Volume 18

late December 1945

Further surveillance updates on activities and interactions of Bentley suspects. Most notable feature is focus on Alger Hiss and his associates/contacts – including his brother Donald, Elwood Thompson, and Harold Stein. In the case of N. G. Silvermaster, linkages noted to Mary Van Kleeck, Edwin Smith, Alice Barrows, Haakon Chevalier, and Louise Bransten. Extensive section on Maurice Halperin, and his numerous dealings with David Wahl, Philip Dunaway, Robert Miller, and OSS/intelligence affairs at State Department. Further background data on Duncan Lee, Solomon Lischinsky, Robert Miller et al. Indexed by name as follows (with more comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Edward Fitzgerald, [REDACTED], Harold Glasser, Bela Gold, Sonia Gold, Michael Greenberg, Joseph Gregg, [REDACTED], Maurice Halperin, Alger Hiss, Irving Kaplan, Philip O. Keeney, Charles Kramer, Lt. Col. Duncan C. Lee, Solomon Aaron Lischinsky, Harry S. Magdoff, Robert T. Miller III, George N. Perazich, Victor Perlo, Bernard Redmont, William W. Remington, Peter C. Rhodes, Allan R. Rosenberg, Claymer Schluter, Abraham G. Silverman, Nathan G. Silvermaster, Helen Tenney, William L. Ullmann, Donald N. Wheeler, Harry D. White VIEW FILE

Volume 19

Dec. 1945—January 1946

Further summary of surveillance efforts and background checks concerning major suspects. Extensive data pertaining to Halperin, Wahl, Woodrow Borah of OSS, and OSS/intelligence affairs at State. Follow-up on Alger Hiss, Elwood Thompson, and Hiss associate Donald Blaisdell. Interactions of Irving Kaplan, Edward Fitzgerald, Herbert Fuchs, Russell Nixon, and Elizabeth Sasuly. Heavily blacked out section on Philip and Mary Jane Keeney, further data on Duncan Lee including contact with Bess Lomax Hawes of OWI, contact between Victor Perlo and Stanley Graze of OSS. Extensive 7-page section on David Wahl blacked out/withdrawn entirely. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Catherine”; Currie, Lauchlin; Fitzgerald, Edward Joseph; [REDACTED]; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela; Greenberg, Michael; Gregg, Joseph R.; [REDACTED]; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Philip Olin; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Lt. Col. Duncan C.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Perazich, George N.; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard Sidney; Remington, William Walter; Rivkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wahl, David Ralph; Wheeler, David Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 20

Surveillance results and background data on Bentley suspects and their contacts, mostly in New York City. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Cedric Henning Belfrage, Berthold Viertel, Ray Elson, Milton Neumann Kemnitz, Ruth Virginia Miller, Shirley Persin, Mitchell Siporin, Confidential Informant Gregory, Alexander Koral, Peter C. Rhodes, George Adams, aka George Adam, William Walter Remington, Lieutenant John Hazard Reynolds, Dr. Abraham Benedict Weinstein VIEW FILE

Volume 21

February 1946

Devoted mostly to Washington cases, but with some from New York. Opens with February 1 Hoover letter to Gen. Harry Vaughan in the White House, for the attention of President Truman, concerning Harry Dexter White and his official contacts. This followed by 28-page report on White, Silvermaster and others in the Washington group of suspects, indexed as follows:


TABLE OF CONTENTS

HARRY DEXTER WHITE
Original Charges
Background of Harry Dexter White
Collateral Information Available Prior to November, 1945
Results of Investigation Since November, 1945
Primary Contacts and Collaborators

Nathan Gregory Silvermaster and Helen Witte Silvermaster, his wife
William Ludwig Ullmann
Schlomer Adler
Sonie Steinman Gold
Harold Glasser
Irving Kaplan
William Henry Taylor
Abraham George Silverman
Donald Niven Wheeler

This followed by updates on various other subjects of investigation including Joseph Gregg, Abraham Weinstein, Peter Rhodes, Alexander Koral, Abraham Brothman, Cedric Belfrage, Helen Tenney, Charles Kramer, and others. Comprehensive name/subject index at end. VIEW FILE

Volume 22

February—early March 1946

Opens with FBI report to Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg of G-2 (Army counterintelligence unit) concerning William Ludwig Ullmann, then in War Department, setting forth Ullmann’s connections to Silvermaster group. Memoranda concerning handling of White case. Updates concerning Allan Rosenberg, Bowen Smith, Irving Kaplan, George Perazich, Duncan Lee, Silvermasters, Josiah Dubois, others.

Further Hoover memo on White case, saying: “I told the Attorney General I felt it was unwise for White to serve” [at IMF]. Various memoranda on secondary/tertiary subjects of investigation, including Latin connections (e.g. Vincent Lombardo Toledano), Jacob Landau of Overseas News Agency and link to Office of War Information, Frederic Vanderbilt Field of IPR. Report to Secretary of State James Byrnes on Alger Hiss, dated February 21, 1946. Extensive but heavily blacked out update on David Wahl, with seven pages missing. Surveillance of Mary Jane Keeney on her return from Europe in early March. VIEW FILE

Volume 23

February 1946

Further discussion of Harry Dexter White case, and different version of February 1 report on White (this dated February 21), noteworthy in that it gives specific bases for various allegations. This followed by 194-page wrap-up of entire case as it then stood (also dated February 21), entitled “Underground Espionage Organization (NKVD) in Agencies of the United States Government.” Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

TABLE OF CONTENTS

PREDICATION
BACKGROUND OF CURRENT PRESENTATIONS
BACKGROUND OF GREGORY
METHOD OF OPERATION OF SOVIET ESPIONAGE SYSTEM
THE SILVERMASTER GROUP
NATHAN GREGORY SILVERMASTER, WAS [with aliases] AND
HELEN WITTE SILVERMASTER, WAS
SCHLOMER ADLER, WAS
NORMAN CHANDLER BURSLER
VIRGINIUS FRANK COE
LAUCHLIN BERNARD CURRIE
BELA GOLD, WAS
SONIA STEINMAN GOLD, WAS
IRVING KAPLAN
ABRAHAM GEORGE SILVERMAN, WAS
WILLIAM HENRY TAYLOR
WILLIAM LUDWIG ULLMAN, WAS
ANATOLE BORIS VOLKOV
HARRY DEXTER WHITE
THE PERLO GROUP
VICTOR PERLO, WAS
EDWARD JOSEPH FITZGERALD
HAROLD GLASSER
ALGER HISS
CHARLES KRAMER, WAS
SOLOMON AARON LISCHINSKY, WAS
HARRY SAMUEL MAGDOFF, WAS
GEORGE F. PERAZICH
ALLAN ROBERT ROSENBERG
DONALD NIVEN WHEELER
MISCELLANEOUS INDIVIDUALS IN WASHINGTON, D.C.
MICHAEL GREENBERG, WAS
JOSEPH B. GREGG
MAURICE HALPERIN
JULIUS JOSEPH JOSEPH
DUNCAL CHAPLIN LEE
ROBERT TALBOTT MILLER, III
WILLARD Z. PARK
MARY WOLFE PRICE
BERNARD SIDNEY REDMONT
WILLIAM WALTER REMINGTON
PETER CHRISTOPHER RHODES
RUTH RIFKIN, WAS
MRS. HELEN GRACE RESWICK SCOTT-KEENAW [Helen Scott]
HAZEN EDWARD SISE
BOWEN SMITH
HELEN B. TENNEY
MISCELLANEOUS INDIVIDUALS IN NEW YORK AND VICINITY
CEDRIC HENNING BELFRAGE
ABRAHAM BROTHMAN, WAS
RAY ELSON, WAS
MICHAEL ENDELMAN, WAS
MILDRED PRICE
LT. COL. JOHN HAZARD REYNOLDS
DR. ABRAHAM BENEDICT WEINSTEIN
SOVIET REPRESENTATIVES
ANATOLI BORISOVICH GROMOV, WAS
[REDACTED]
OLGA BORISOVNA PRAVDINA
VIEW FILE

Volume 24

March 1946

Reproduction of Bentley statement of November 8, 1945, running to 31 pages. Reproduction of Hoover requests for authorization from Attorney General for “technical surveillance” [wiretapping] of Lauchlin Currie, Alger Hiss, others. Discussion of Rowena Rommel of State Department and her contacts with Robert Miller. Extended discussion of Albert Kahn, listing of numerous contacts of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Miller, including the following, among others: Jacob Golos, N. G. Silvermaster, Polya Habicht, Travis Hedrick, Solomon Trone, Duncan Aikman, Alice Raine, Benjamin Margolin, Maurice Halperin, John Hazard, Randolph Feltus, E. J. Askwith, Charles Flato, John Marsalka, Haldore Hanson, Robert Magidoff, Shura Lewis, Joseph Starobin, Howard Fast, Charles Page, Minter Wood, Rowena Rommel, Major [Philip] Faymonville.

Summary/transcript of phone call in which Maurice Halperin discusses changes going on in State Department, and his contacts concerning these with department officials Benjamin Cohen and Col. Alfred McCormack, involving former OSS employees then at State. VIEW FILE

Volume 25

Late January-March 1946

Miscellaneous reports and updates reflecting information on suspects provided to top officials. Of particular historical interest are memoranda from January and early February ’46 concerning security data on Harry Dexter White and Hoover instructions to have these made available to the White House (a topic of contention later). Lengthy memoranda also discussing Dr. Abraham Wolfson, brother-in-law of White’s wife, and Wolfson’s Communist front connections. Discussion as well of William Remington and Harold Glasser (This memo has name index at end.)

Teletypes and briefer memos dealing with Ursula Wasserman, Earl Browder, Helen Tenney, Woodrow Borah, Maurice Halperin, Harry Magdoff, Solomon Adler, N.G. Silvermaster, Norman C. Bursler, others. Several of these communications concern efforts to get security data on cases to responsible officials and, in the case of Alger Hiss, his discussion of adverse reports with Secretary of State James Byrnes and Bureau plans for interview sought by Hiss with Hoover. Second half of volume is a case-by-case report on suspects on official payrolls, broken down by government agencies, as follows:

U.S. Army: Michael Greenberg, John Hazard Reynolds; Department of Commerce: Edward Fitzgerald, Harry Magdoff; Foreign Economic Administration: Bela Gold; Department of Justice: Norman C. Bursler; U.S. Navy: William Remington; Office of Price Administration: Charles Kramer; Reconstruction Finance Corporation: N.G. Silvermaster; State Department: Joseph Gregg, Alger Hiss, Robert Miller, Helen Scott-Keenan, Bowen Smith, Helen B. Tenney, Donald Wheeler; Treasury Department: Solomon Adler, V. Frank Coe, Harold Glasser, Sonia Gold, Irving Kaplan, Victor Perlo, William Henry Taylor, William Ludwig Ullmann, Harry Dexter White; United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration: Julius Joseph, Solomon Lischinsky, Willard Park, George Perazich, Ruth Rifkin; Recently left official payrolls: Lauchlin Currie, Michael Endelman, Maurice Halperin, Duncan C. Lee, Bernard Redmont, Peter C. Rhodes, Allan Rosenberg, A. George Silverman.

Volume also includes redacted memoranda relating to James Roy Newman and Herbert Marks, both in Federal employ and both of investigative interest to the Bureau. VIEW FILE

Volume 25 (Part I)

March 1946

Summary of investigative results concerning Willard Park (including connection to Louise Bransten), Bernard Redmont, William Remington, Peter Rhodes, Ruth Rifkin, Helen Tenney, Cedric Belfrage, Albert Kahn and his contacts, including David Karr, Howard Fast, David Niles, Gilbert Green, Harry Bridges, and Philip Jaffe of Amerasia.

Others covered in this volume include Frederic Brown, Mildred Price, John H. Reynolds, Abraham Weinstein, John Abt, Louis Adamic, Luis and Rose Arenal, Theodore Bayer, Richard Bransten (aka Bruce Minton), Grace Granich, John Spivak. Comprehensive name/ subject index at end. VIEW FILE

Volume 25 (Part II)

March 1946

Discussion of various subjects, plus memos on handling of reports and cases. Lengthy memo on Dr. Abraham Wolfson, brother-in-law of Mrs. Harry Dexter White. Discussion of Mary Jane Keeney and her contacts with Ursula Wasserman, Jules Korchien, and Joseph Bernstein. Contact noted between Michael Greenberg and Michael Straight of The New Republic. Brief update on Alger Hiss.

Longest section of this volume is a breakdown of subjects of investigation by departments where they were working, or had recently been, running to 25 pages. Principal points of concentration were State Department (including former employees of OSS and OWI), Treasury Department and United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA).

Among the individuals discussed: Michael Greenberg, Edward Fitzgerald, Harry Magdoff, Bela Gold, William Remington, Charles Kramer, N. G. Silvermaster, Joseph Gregg, Alger Hiss, Robert Miller, Helen Scott, Bowen Smith, Helen Tenney, Donald Wheeler, Solomon Adler, V. Frank Coe, Harold Glasser, Irving Kaplan, Victor Perlo, William Taylor, William Ludwig Ullmann, Harry Dexter White, Julius Joseph, Solomon Lischinsky, Willard Park, George Perazich, Ruth Rifkin, Lauchlin Currie, Michael Endelman, Maurice Halperin, Duncan Lee, Bernard Redmont, Peter Rhodes, Allan Rosenberg, Abraham George Silverman. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 26

March 1, 1946

Summary of surveillance results in preceding weeks. Section on Joseph Gregg contains extended discussion of internal State Department battle over intelligence responsibilities. Heavily blacked out pages on Michael Greenberg and Soviet agent Anatoli Gromov (separate sections).

Further discussion of State Department intelligence battles in conversations of Maurice Halperin, Woodrow Borah, Philip Dunaway. Halperin contacts with David Wahl. Contacts of Robert Miller with Rowena Rommel, William Remingtons with Fred Neal, Bernard Redmonts. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Catherine; Fitzgerald, Edward Joseph; Gold, Bela and Sonia; [REDACTED]; Glasser, Harold; Greenberg, Michael; Gregg, Joseph B.; Gromov, Anatoli B.; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Lt. Col. Duncan C.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry S.; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Perazich, George N.; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard Sidney; Remington, William Walter; Rivkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Schluter, Claymer; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter (Forthcoming)

Volume 27

March 11, 1946

Further surveillance updates. Background on Joseph Gregg, including fact that Robert Miller had vouched for his loyalty. Contact of Irving Kaplan with Russell Nixon, both returned from Germany. Background on Alix Reuther, formerly with Office of War Information. Interactions of E. J. Askwith with Bernard Redmonts, Helen Scott, Alice Raine, and others. Discussion between Helen Silvermaster and Elizabeth Sasuly concerning “Louise” and “Richard” (Bransten, separated couple) and custody of child. Helen Silvermaster contact with Mrs. Edward Condon. Further data on dispute between the Branstens. Extended discussion between Charles Kramer and Harry Dexter White concerning post-war foreign loans. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Fitzgerald, Edward Joseph; [REDACTED]; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Greenberg, Michael; Gregg, Joseph B.; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Lt. Col. Duncan C.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry S.; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard Sidney; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Schluter, Claymer; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 28

March 1, 1946

Surveillance summaries covering period from mid-January to late February. Contacts of Cedric Belfrage with Claude Williams, Joseph North, others. Discussion of Belfrage post-war activities in Germany setting up newspapers. Contacts of Abe Brothman and Jules Korchien. Long section on Mildred Price, her husband Harold Coy, their links to Commonwealth College, Price activities and contacts concerning China, including Grace Granich, Philip Jaffe, others. Background on Harold Coy and Federal Writers’ Project, Federated Press. Connection of N. G. Silvermaster to Joseph Gaer. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

CEDRIC HENNING BELFRAGE, Claude Williams, Joseph North, Victor Jeremy Jerome, Isadore Schneider, ABRAHAM BROTHMAN, Bernard O. Koopman, Jules Korchien, MILDRED PRICE COY, Harold Russell Coy, RAY ELSON, Louis C. Coleman, Hila C. Coleman, MICHAEL ENDELMAN, MICHAEL GREENBERG, JOSEPH GREGG, Confidential informant GREGORY, ALEXANDER KORAL, FERRUCCIO MARINI, ROBERT T. MILLER, OLGA BORISOVNA PRAVDINA, PETER CHRISTOPHER RHODES, NATHAN GREGORY SILVERMASTER, Joseph Gaer, ABRAHAM BENEDICT WEINSTEIN VIEW FILE

Volume 29

March 1946

Surveillance summary from late February. Connections of Norman Chandler Bursler with Robert Brady, Harold Glasser with Thomas Emerson, Sonia Gold with Elizabeth Sasuly. Discussion between Duncan Lee and Robert Barnett of State Department. Maurice Halperin discusses intelligence set-up/conflicts at State with David Wahl. Completely redacted section on Charles Kramer. Contacts between Mrs. Harry Magdoff and George Perazich, Joan Redmont and Helen Scott, Redmont contacts with Dwight Mallon, E. J. Askwith. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

“Catherine”; Bursler, Norman Chandler; Fitzgerald, Edward Joseph; [REDACTED]; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Greenberg, Michael; Gregg, Joseph B.; [REDACTED]; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Lt. Col. Duncan C.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry S.; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard Sidney; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 30

late March, 1946

Discussion of Albert Kahn, connection to International Workers Order, other activities, FBI recommendation that he be denied passport. Hoover memo setting forth background on N. G. Silvermaster, comments on case by Albert Klein of Civil Service Commission and security official Charles Keating. Memo on Herbert Marks and James Newman, substantially redacted. Contacts of George Perazich in California. Further memo on Marks and Newman, almost entirely blacked out except for last page, containing references to Dr. Edward Condon, N. G. Silvermaster, Dean Acheson, and others. Summary of FBI reports on various cases as distributed to high officials. Report to State Department on Claymer Schluter, Peter Rhodes. Background and activities of Donald Wheeler. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 31

late March 1946

Surveillance memos concerning Woodrow Borah, Maurice Halperin, conclusion of intelligence dispute at State Department. Additional data on N. G. Silvermaster, links to Richard Bransten, as provided by security official Charles Keating. Memo on Herbert Marks/James Newman, Dean Acheson and others indicating that derogatory allegations on these subjects came from J. A. Panuch at State Department. Extended memo on Alger Hiss, based on Whittaker Chambers allegations. Hoover memos on Joseph Gregg and Dr. Abraham Weinstein. Extensive background data on Ursula Wasserman, formerly of OWI, and list of contacts, publications, activities, travels.

Last third of this volume provides further surveillance and background summaries concerning Cedric Belfrage, contacts between Louise Bransten and Leo Hubermans, Ray Elson and Jack McMichael, background data on Duncan Lee, Peter Rhodes, Dr. Abraham Weinstein. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

CEDRICK HENNING BELFRAGE, Donald Lee West, Gertrude Rient Gangadaren, Leo Huberman, ABRAHAM BROTHMAN, LAUCHLIN CURRIE, RAY ELSON, Robert Elson, Shirley Elson, John Frank Boetch, Ginette Schain, Confidential informant GREGORY, MAURICE HALPERIN, ALBERT E. KAHN, Lieutenant Colonel DUNCAN CHAPLIN LEE, FERRUCCIO MARINI, OLGA BORISOVNA PRAVDINA, MARY WOLFE PRICE, MILDRED PRICE, Leonard Outhwaite, WILLIAM WALTER REMINGTON, LIEUTENANT Colonel John Hazard Reynolds, PETER CHRISTOPHER RHODES, ALEXANDER KORAL, ROBERT TALBOTT MILLER, Dr. ABRAHAM B. WEINSTEIN VIEW FILE

Volume 32

late March 1946

Hoover memo to State Department linking State Department employee Bernard Nortman to Victor Perlo. Contact of Joseph Gregg with Minter Wood. Conversation of Helen Scott and Joan Redmont, mentioning link to Julia Older. Brief background on Solomon Adler, conversation of Maurice Halperin and Woodrow Borah, writings of Earl Browder reproduced. Gregg discusses forced resignation from State Department. Further report on Herbert Marks, entirely redacted. Background on Charles Kramer in office of Sen. Claude Pepper. Recap of FBI reports to high officials. Memoranda on interview of Alger Hiss with Secretary of State James Byrnes, Hiss’ response to allegations. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 33

late March 1946

Surveillance summaries for preceding month focused mainly on New York suspects. Extended section on Cedric Belfrage. Main Washington link concerned Mary Jane Keeney, surveilled on her return from Germany, meeting with New York subjects Jules Korchien, Ursula Wasserman and Joseph Bernstein. Discussion of document passed from Keeney to Bernstein. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

CEDRIC H. BELFRAGE, Luther Conant, ABRAHAM BROTHMAN, Jules Korchien, Ursula Wasserman, Mary Jane Keeney, NORMAN CHANDLER BURSLER, LAUCHLIN CURRIE, RAY ELSON, Hyman Bernstein, Frieda Bernstein, Bella Doren, Dorothy Golden, Irving Levine, MICHAEL ENDELMAN, Michalena Fabian, MICHAEL GREENBERG, CONFIDENTIAL INFORMANT GREGORY, VLADIMIR KAZAKHEVICH, AVROM LANDRY, FERRUCCIO MARINI, OLGA B. PRAVDINA, ALLAN ROSENBERG, JOHN L. SPIVAK, ABRAHAM BENEDIICT WEINSTEIN, HARRY DEXTER WHITE VIEW FILE

Volume 34

late March 1946

Extensive background data on Norman Bursler, links to George Perazich, connections to Prof. Robert Brady. Contacts of Edward Fitzgerald, Harry Magdoff. Further discussion by Maurice Halperin re intelligence conflict at State Department, Halperin contacts with Philip Dunaway, Bob Rogers, David Wahl. Extended discussion between Halperin and Woodrow Borah on changes at State, employees being forced out. Mention of Harold Weisberg. Contacts of Mary Jane Keeney with Mrs. Donald Wheeler, discussion of Donald Wheeler’s brother George Wheeler in Germany. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Bursler, Norman Chandler; Fitzgerald, Edward Joseph; [REDACTED]; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Greenberg, Michael; Gregg, Joseph B.; [REDACTED]; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Lt. Col. Duncan C.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry S.; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard Sidney; Remington, William Walker; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Schluter, Claymer; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 35

April 1946

Hoover memo concerning Assistant Secretary of War Howard Peterson and War Department stance toward Communists serving in the Army. Section relating to Ursula Wasserman blacked out entirely. Contacts reported among Robert Miller, William Ludwig Ullmann, N. G. Silvermaster, Joseph Gregg, Maurice Halperin, Polya Habicht, Florence Levy and others. Contacts also among Silvermaster, Ullmann and Mary Jane Keeney. Data on Dr. James Wood (not Minter Wood). Background memo on Edward Fitzgerald. Memo at end concerning suspects dropped from State Department blacked out entirely. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 36

April 1946

Logs of long distance telephone calls made in late 1945 by major subjects of investigation, listing person/place called, number of times called and date of call. Such calls logged for the following individuals: Lauchlin Bernard Currie, Harold Glasser, Bela Gold, Sonia Steinman Gold, Joseph B. Gregg, Maurice Halperin, Alger Hiss, Irving Kaplan, Charles Kramer, Duncan Chaplin Lee, Harry Samuel Magdoff, Robert Talbot Miller III, Victor Perlo, Mary Wolfe Price, Bernard Sidney Redmont, William Walter Remington, Allan Robert Rosenberg, Abraham George Silverman, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, Donald Niven Wheeler, Harry Dexter White. Also included is comprehensive index of people and places called, amounting to more than 300 entries. VIEW FILE

Volume 37 (missing)

Volume 38

April 1946

Heavily blacked out report on Ursula Wasserman. Contact between Harry Magdoff and Irving Kaplan, discussing Owen Lattimore. Kaplan contact with Solomon Lischinsky, discussing aid supplies for China, Greece and Yugoslavia. Conversation between Helen Silvermaster and friend employed at UNRRA. Background on Yugoslav émigré community in California. Surveillance updates concerning Silvermaster family, Joseph Gregg. Memoranda on Howard Peterson, links to Marks/Newman investigation, and Hoover comments. Blacked out memo on Edward Rosskam, formerly of OWI. Discussion of possible effort to reactivate Bentley within the Communist Party. Memos discussing links to Igor Gouzenko case (the “Corby” case) and need for more systematic U.S. defense against foreign agent penetration. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 39 (missing)

Volume 40

April 1946

7-page report on Cedric Belfrage. Surveillance, contacts of Mary Jane Keeney, Joseph Bernstein, Helen Silvermaster, Hazen Sise, Joseph Gregg, George Silverman, Harry Magdoff, Robert and Jenney Miller, Jerry Askwith, Palmar Weber, Report on Silvermaster case from Mexico, entirely blacked out or withhheld. Investigation of Helen Tenney, Contacts of Joseph and Rose Gregg, Irving and Dorothy Kaplan, Mrs. Harry Magdoff, George Silverman, William Ludwig Ullman, Harold Glasser, A.B. Weinstein, Ray Elson. Hoover memo to the Attorney General re Senator McKellar's request for information on Leo Pasvolsky, Gustavo Duran, Alger Hiss. Report on George Perazich. Surveillance of Edward Fitzgerald, Maurice Halperin, Irving Kaplan, Beattie Magdoff, Robert Miller, Dr. Robert Morse, Victor Perlo, Helen Silvermaster, Mary Jane Keeney, John Dierkes, Ludwig Ullmann, David Weintraub. Several largely redacted documents re Ursula Wasserman's travel to Rio de Janeiro, Montevideo. 22-page report on investigation of various individuals in California in connection with Silvermaster case. Memo recapping distribution of information on Alger Hiss to Attorney General in December 1945-February 1946. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 41

April 1946

Volume consists entirely of 30 page report on Ursula Wasserman, her activities and contacts in the U.S. and Latin America. All heavily redacted. Name/subject index at end blacked out completely. VIEW FILE

Volume 42

April 1946

Memo entitled “CINRAD” (“Communists in Radiation Lab”) blacked out almost entirely but with indications at the end that one individual discussed was Byron Miller, with context unclear. Reports/updates on other collateral figures. Contact between Edwin Smith and Harry Dexter White concerning Smith’s troubles obtaining passport. Further blacked-out memos on Ursula Wasserman. Memo recounting interview with Ben Mandel at State Department concerning status of counterintelligence files and attempts to eliminate these. Prominent mention by Mandel of George Schwarzwalder, Paul Appleby, Rowena Rommel. Further breakdown of subjects then serving or recently in government agencies, as follows:

Michael Greenberg, John Hazard Reynolds, Edward Fitzgerald, Harry Magdoff, Bela Gold, Norman Bursler Chandler, William W. Remington, Charles Kramer, N. G. Silvermaster, Joseph Gregg, Alger Hiss, Robert T. Miller, Helen Scott, Bowen Smith, Helen Tenney, Donald Wheeler, Solomon Adler, V. Frank Coe, Harold Glasser, Sonia Gold, Irving Kaplan, Victor Perlo, William H. Taylor, William Ludwig Ullmann, Harry Dexter White, Julius Joseph, Solomon Lischinsky, Willard Park, George Perazich, Ruth Rifkin, Lauchlin Currie, Michael Endelman, Maurice Halperin, Duncan C. Lee, Bernard Redmont, Peter C. Rhodes, Allan Rosenberg, A. George Silverman. Last item in file is memo concerning inquiry to FBI from Sen. Kenneth Wherry about State Department employees Gustavo Duran and Alger Hiss. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 43

early May 1946

Further surveillance updates on principal suspects, their activities and contacts in the preceding months. Most extensive section involves Maurice Halperin, Bob Rogers, Woodrow Borah, Joseph Gregg, David Wahl, Irving Goldman, Alexander Lesser, and others discussing internal conflict in State Department over intelligence and security matters, criticism of security officers Robert Bannerman and Frederick Lyon. Seven pages of 9-page update on Herbert Marks redacted. Similar heavy redactions in companion case of James R. Newman. Update on contacts of Bernard and Joan Redmont with Helen Scott, E. J. Askwith, Samuel Krafsur, others. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Fitzgerald, Edward Joseph; [REDACTED]; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Greenberg, Michael; Gregg, Joseph B.; [REDACTED]; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane; Keeney, Philip Olin; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Lt. Col. Duncan C.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry S.; Marks, Herbert S.; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Newman, James R.; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard Sidney; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Schluter, Claymer; Scott, Helen; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 44

late April-May 1946

Further surveillance updates on Charles Kramer, N. G. Silvermaster, George Perazich, Victor Perlo, others; background data on Michael Greenberg, Harry Dexter White and other, mostly peripheral figures. Most substantial portion is discussion of Michael Greenberg and his contacts. Section concerning Harold Weisberg redacted. Name/subject index at end. VIEW FILE

Volume 45

mid-April 1946

Background and further surveillance data on main suspects and their associates. Brief vita of Solomon Adler, émigré from England, tracing career in U.S. and on Federal payroll. Detailed discussion of Michael Greenberg, also from England, and also employed by U.S. government. Extended sections on interactions of Joseph Gregg, Robert Miller, Maurice Halperin, Woodrow Borah, Philip Dunaway, David Wahl, and others, mostly concerning intelligence battles at State Department and suspects being pressured out. Surveillance of Mary Jane and Philip Keeney, contact with N. G. Silvermaster, background on Keeney contact Lois Carlisle. Long section on Bernard and Joan Redmont, contacts with Helen Scott, E. J. Askwith and others. Indexed by name as follows (comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Adler, Solomon; Fitzgerald, Edward Joseph; [REDACTED]; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Greenberg, Michael; Gregg, Joseph B.; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane; Keeney, Philip Olin; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Lt. Col. Duncan C.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Long, Norton E.; Magdoff, Harry S.; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard Sidney; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Schluter, Claymer; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 46

early May 1946

Memo and Hoover letter to Secretary of State James Byrnes concerning activities of Maurice Halperin, Woodrow Borah and intelligence unit shutdown. Memos and letters concerning Charles Kramer and Albert Kahn, heavily redacted. Discussion of Harry Dexter White appointment to IMF. Brief updates on Mary Jane Keeney, Woodrow Borah, George Perazich, Harry Magdoff. Statement by surveillance subject, identity blacked out, that only “progressives” were to be hired by UNRRA in China, plus discussion of hiring at OWI, indicating to FBI that subject and associates were “active in placing Communists in government jobs in Washington and elsewhere.” Heavily blacked out section on State Department dismissals. Memo at end by FBI Special Agent Guy Hottel concerning apparent coordinated movement of many suspects into agencies dealing with post-war matters. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 47 (missing)

Volume 48

late May 1946

Lengthy memo from FBI official D. M. Ladd to Hoover about dismissal of Maurice Halperin and Woodrow Borah from State Department. Brief updates on Cedric Belfrage, others, mention that Andrew Steiger had gone to work for UNRRA. Brief updates on Bernard Redmont, Maurice Halperin, Donald Wheeler, George S. Wheeler, N. G. Silvermaster, David Wahl. Lengthy Hoover memo about Elizabeth Bentley contacts “Jack”, “Al” and others, mentioning Peter Rhodes and Cedric Belfrage. Photographs of Maurice Halperin, Woodrow Borah, Philip Dunaway, Bob Rogers. Two lengthy Bureau memos on background and associates of Alger Hiss. Background memo on Fred Warner Neal, contact of William Remington. Brief updates on N. G. Silvermaster, Herbert Marks, Mary Jane Keeney, Helen Scott. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 49

May 1946

Updates on subjects and contacts, mostly in New York, heavily redacted in places. Discussion between Mildred Price and contact about a projected UNRRA trip to China and planned referral to Mme. Sun Yat-Sen, contact of Price. Lengthy memo on Cedric Belfrage, contact with Joseph Gaer, background on Gaer including connections to Louise Bransten, Leo Huberman and others. Belfrage contact with Eric Fromm, background on Fromm. Further discussion of Belfrage post-war role concerning German press. Brief discussion of John H. Reynolds, Earl Browder, Theodore Bayer. Update on Dr. Abraham Weinstein. Indexed by name as follows (comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Dr. MOSES ASUBEL, CEDRIC H. BELFRAGE, ABRAHAM BROTHMAN, Jules Korchien, Ursula Wasserman, Edward and Louise Rosskam, Jack Delano, EARL BROWDER, LAUCHLIN CURRIE, RAY ELSON, Miriam Behrstock, Louise and Ethel Bially, Jack Goldman was. Yank, Daniel V. and Rose Koerner, JOSEPH GREGG, CONFIDENTIAL INFORMANT GREGORY, MAURICE HALPERIN, ALGER HISS, James C. Bonbright, Timothy Mobson, ALEXANDER KORAL, CHARLES KRAMER, Leon Josephson, Nathan Einhorn, ALLAN R. ROSENBERG, Howard L. Hausman, HELEN TENNEY, ABRAHAM B. WEINSTEIN, HARRY D. WHITE VIEW FILE

Volume 50

late April-early June 1946

Hoover memo to George Allen, close associate of President Truman, concerning Charles Kramer on staff of committee headed by Sen. Claude Pepper. Lengthy Hoover letter to Allen setting forth allegations that numerous high government officials were involved in an extensive espionage network. Among those named: Dean Acheson, Herbert Marks, John J. McCloy, Henry Wallace, Paul Appleby, George Schwarzwalder, Dr. Edward Condon, Alger Hiss, James Newman. Numerous heavily redacted updates on Bentley suspects, State Department resignations. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 51

May 1946

Further surveillance updates, again with emphasis on Maurice Halperin-Woodrow Borah group, discussion of State Department security-intelligence matters involving Col. Alfred McCormack, opposition of Willmoore Kendall. Mention of Katesbee (Catesby) Jones, reported connections to McCormack and Spruille Braden. Updates on Herbert Marks, Edward Condon, Harold Stein, Thomas Emerson. Extensive background on Condon, Stein and Emerson. Mention of and brief background on Byron Miller. Contacts of Stein with Alger Hiss. Brief discussion of George Perazich and David Weintraub, both at UNRRA. Interactions of Joan Redmont, Helen Scott, Mrs. William Remington, Alix Reuther, Samuel Krafsurs, Minter Woods, repeated contacts of Joan Redmont and E. J. Askwith. Contacts of Mrs. Donald Wheeler with Patricia and Robert Barnett of State Department, recap of discussion between Robert Barnett and Duncan Lee. Contact between Harry Dexter White and Josiah Dubois concerning post-war plans for Germany. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Fitzgerald, Edward Joseph; [REDACTED]; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Greenberg, Michael; Gregg, Joseph B.; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Philip Olin; Keeney, Mary Jane; Kramer, Charles; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Long, Norton E.; Magdoff, Harry S.; Marks, Herbert Simon; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard Sidney; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Schluter, Claymer; Scott, Helen; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Sise, Hazen Edward; [REDACTED]; Chuba, Olive; Krafsur, Samuel S. [THREE ENTRIES REDACTED]; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wasserman, Ursula; Williams, Faith; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 52

July 1946

Continued surveillance update on N. G. Silvermaster, allegation that Bernard Redmont was recruited into Communist underground by William Remington, updates on Helen Tenney with Strategic Services Unit of War Department (a successor to OSS) and plans to remove her from her position there. Hoover memo to George Allen concerning Silvermaster. Further brief updates on Ursula Wasserman, Edwin Rosskam, others, many heavily redacted. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 53

June 1946

Continued surveillance updates involving Joseph Gregg-Robert Miller group. Gregg contacts with Bruce Waybur (former employee of William Ludwig Ullmann), Waybur contact with Gordon Griffiths, formerly of State Department, Gregg contacts with Robert Miller, Minter Wood. Extended discussions among Maurice Halperin, Woodrow Borah, David Wahl, Bob Rogers, et al., concerning internal battle at State Department against Willmoore Kendall. Halperin-Borah contacts with Irving Goldman, Alexander Lesser. Heavily blacked out section on Charles Kramer, mentions contact of Mrs. Kramer with Alice Barrows, Nelson Cruikshank, and others. Update on Solomon Lischinsky, contact with Gerald and Mildred Graze (nee Gordon) and Joel Gordon. Contact of Lischinsky with Ruth Rifkin, both employed at UNRRA. Also contacts of Mr. and Mrs. Harry Magdoff with Lischinsky, Hildegard Kneeland. Background on Kneeland, including contact with Alice Barrows and earlier subversion charges of Dr. William Wirt.

Also, further contacts of Redmont with Helen Scott, E. J. Askwith, Mrs. Samuel Krafsur, Dwight Mallon, notation that Mallon was boy friend of Askwith. Contact of Joan Redmont with Alice Raine. Interactions of Silvermaster with Millers, Richard and Elizabeth Sasuly, Polya Habicht, William Taylor, Mary Jane Keeney, Cynthia and John Dierkes, Joseph Gaer, others. Section on David Wahl heavily redacted. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Endelman, Arnold; Fitzgerald, Edward Joseph; [REDACTED]; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Greenberg, Michael; Gregg, Joseph B.; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Lt. Col. Duncan C.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry S.; Marks, Herbert S.; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Morse, Robert Thatcher; Newman, James R.; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard Sidney; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Schluter, Claymer; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Gaer, Joseph; [THREE ENTRIES REDACTED]; Krafsur, Samuel S.; Taylor, William H.; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wahl, David; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 54

June 1946

Incidental updates, leads and additions to files on various suspects, mainly of minor nature. Repeat of chart from Volume 15 reflecting set-up of Bentley network (slightly better copy).

Extensive background on Edwin Rosskam. Contacts noted between Allan Rosenberg-Maurice Halperin and Just Lunning of State Department. Extensive record of conversations between Harry Dexter White and Charles Kramer, White and Lee Pressman, White and Henry Morgenthau. Record of conversation between Elizabeth Bentley and William Browder, brother of Earl Browder. Further contact of Maurice Halperin and Joseph Gregg discussing mutual friends, Halperin comment that “we are all one family after you get down to it.”

Also, discussion between Allan Rosenberg and Allen Saylor about preventing “red baiter” connected to “right wing Polish faction” from obtaining radio license. Heavily redacted FBI memo expressing concern that “the State Department … would undoubtedly compromise the source” of confidential information. Contact between Joseph Gregg and Mrs. Carl Marzani, Inez Munoz, Halperins, Wahl, Dunaway, Borah, et al., supplied to Frederick Lyon at State Department, summarizing previous findings. Extensive discussions toward end of report concerning James Newman and Viola Ilma (separate sections). Brief index dealing only with last part of volume. VIEW FILE

Volume 55

late June 1946

Assorted surveillance updates on Mary Jane Keeney and others, including Keeney contacts with Ursula Wasserman and Lois Carlisle. Statement by Carlisle that she was working with union lawyer to draw up statement on personnel policy at State Department. Reproduction of lengthy letter from Solomon Adler in China, apparently addressed to V. Frank Coe. Contacts noted among Edward Fitzgerald and Mrs. Herbert Fuchs, Lauchlin Currie and A. G. Silverman, Mary Jane Keeney and Bernard Nortman.

Thereafter, bulk of volume is wrap-up of surveillance for month of May , including contacts of Cedric Belfrage with James Aronson and Albert Kahn, Abraham Brothman with representative of American Russian Institute, statement that Andrew Steiger, formerly of Institute, was going with UNRRA, possibly to China. Extensive updates on activities of Ursula Wasserman and Ray Elson. Heavily blacked out section on Harold Glasser. Background on Alexander Koral, N. G. Silvermaster, Abraham Weinstein, and others. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Cedric Belfrage, Ilya Ehrenberg, Abraham Brothman, Jules Korchien, Ursula Wasserman, Lauchlin Currie, Frederic C. Gans, Ray Elson, Rose Howard, Jean M. Barsay, Abraham Geller, Harvey Kagan, Jack Goldman, Hattie Champ, Michael Endelman, Harold Glasser, Louis Gluck, Bela Gold, Max Mermelstein, Joseph Gregg, Confidential Informant Gregory, Earl Browder, William Browder, Alexander Koral, Maurice Halperin, Rosalie Grinsberg, Tom Fizdale, Alger Hiss, William Platt, Harry Magdoff, Anna Grossman, Robert Talbott Miller III, Sidney and Minnie Stein, Olga Pravdin, Ruth Rifkin, Herbert Joseph Conhaim, Allan R. Rosenberg, Mrs. Lester M. Levin, Abraham George Silverman, Jack W. Field, Sol Rosenblatt, Joe Susman, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, Abraham Benedict Weinstein, Ted Baumgold VIEW FILE

Volume 56

May—July 1946

Miscellaneous updates and addenda on suspects and their associates, many of incidental nature, with numerous entries heavily redacted. Information relating to release of Helen Tenney from War Department, further detail on Maurice Halperin being let go from State Department, return of Solomon Adler from China, Adler contact with A. G. Silverman, and Silverman contact with Harry Dexter White. Contact of Mary Jane Keeney with Olive Chuba of Soviet News Agency, TASS.

Most substantial item in file is FBI summary of July 15, 1946, sent by Hoover to Frederick Lyon of State Department concerning Robert Miller. This capsules contacts of Miller and his wife with former Treasury staffer Randy Feltus, Joseph Gregg, Florence Levy, Maurice Halperin, N. G. Silvermaster, William Ludwig Ullmann, John Dierkes, Polya Habicht, Alexandra Lewis, John Marsalka, Mrs. John Fahey, and others. Volume also contains summary by Hoover of allegations concerning James Newman and Herbert Marks, their alleged connections to N. G. Silvermaster, Dr. Edward Condon, Alger Hiss and various high officials. Brief indexed section at end dealing with Joseph Gregg and Dr. Abraham Wolfson, brother-in-law of Mrs. Harry Dexter White. VIEW FILE

Volume 57

June—July 1946

Further miscellaneous surveillance updates, mostly brief, including interactions among Solomon Adler and A. G. Silverman, Silverman and David Weintraub of UNRRA, joint activity of Silverman and Lauchlin Currie. Contacts among Maurice Halperin, Alexander Lesser of State, Julius Joseph of UNRRA, Mrs. Philip Dunaway, Joseph visit to office of Allan Rosenberg. Brief updates on Irving Kaplan, Harry Magdoff, Helen Tenney.

Second half of volume consists of report devoted to activities in Latin America of Bernard Redmont and Ursula Wasserman, both original Bentley suspects. Report is heavily redacted, but notes extended contact in Buenos Aires between Redmont and State Department official Richard Post. Contacts of Wasserman in Buenos Aires also given, but almost all substantive information redacted. Name/subject index at end of Redmont-Wasserman section. VIEW FILE

Volume 58

July 1946

Summary of surveillance and other investigation dating from early part of June. Section touching on activities of Henry Collins, Bernard Redmont, Abel Plenn heavily redacted. Collins mentioned again in subsequent section as having obtained job in State Department office of John Hilldring. Most extensive section concerns further comment on internal battle in State Department involving Maurice Halperin, Woodrow Borah, others. Discussion of State Department employees/Halperin contacts Alexander Lesser, Irving Goldman, Mrs. Hannah Goldman.

Various contacts of Alger Hiss set forth, including Jack Thompson, Mrs. Donald Blaisdell, Jack Ross. Section on Charles Kramer almost entirely blacked out. Extensive updates on Harry Magdoff, notes connections to George Perazich, Jozo Tomasevich and J. Krasiuts, all involved with UNRRA/Yugoslavia. Contacts recorded among Mr. and Mrs. Robert Miller, John Dierkes, Herman Habicht, Joseph Gregg, Dr. Robert Morse, others.

Extensive section also on James Newman, contacts with Helen Gahagan Douglas, Philleo Nash, Alfred Friendly, Byron Miller, Thomas Emerson, Harold Stein, Myer Cohen of UNRRA. Background given on Douglas, Cohen, Friendly, Nash, others. Also set forth are contacts among Allan Rosenberg, Bowen Smith, Edward Fitzgerald, Just Lunning, David Wahl, Philip Dunaway. Contacts of George Silverman with David Weintraub, Lauchlin Currie and Irving Kaplan. Contacts between David Wahl and Herbert Fierst, Wahl and Maurice Halperin. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Fitzgerald, Edward J.; [REDACTED]; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Greenberg, Michael; Gregg, Joseph B.; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Duncan E.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Long, Norton E.; Magdoff, Harry S.; Marks, Herbert S.; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Morse, Dr. Robert Thatcher; Newman, James R.; Perazich, George N. ; Perlo, Victor; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Schluter, Claymer; Schott, Helen; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; TASS News Agency; Todd, Laurence; [TWO ENTRIES REDACTED]; Chuba, Olive Sutton; Taylor, William Henry; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wahl, David R.; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 59

July 1946

Summary of investigative results from June 1 through mid-July ’46, with main emphasis on New York cases. Wiretap data on Abe Brothman, Jules Korchien. Ursula Wasserman connection noted to Mary Jane Keeney, Jack Delano of OWI. Update on connections of Ray Elson, Elizabeth Bentley contact in New York. Contact between Joseph Gregg and Erich Fromm, Fromm and Cedric Belfrage, Gregg and Peter Rhodes. Mention of Helen Tenney’s fiancé, Scott Lockwood, also formerly of OSS. Background of Dr. Abraham Weinstein. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Cedric Belfrage, Abraham Brothman, Jules Korchien, Ursula Wasserman, Lauchlin Currie, David Scoll, Mrs. Marion Henderson, Ray Elson, Michael Endelman, Harold Glasser, Nancy Wertheimer, Michael Greenberg, Joseph Gregg, Sonia Thorp, Confidential Informant Gregory, Helen Tenney, Charles Kramer, Nathan Witt, Duncan C. Lee, Herbert Simon Marks, James R. Newman, Jerome Weidman, Victor Perlo, Steven Jacobs, Olga Pravdin, Unknown subject “John,” Abraham Benedict Weinstein, Theodore Baumgold, Harry Dexter White, David Liebowitz VIEW FILE

Volume 60

June 1946

More surveillance data, with many previous contacts repeated but with various new ones, and many interactions among groups of suspects. Section on Harold Glasser almost entirely redacted. Extended discussion of Joseph Gregg lists his connections to Carl Marzani, Bruce Waybur, Minter Wood, Inez Munoz, Marshall Wolfe, Robert Miller. Considerable discussion of joint business endeavor of Gregg and Marzani. Further comment on connection of Irving and Hannah Goldman (of Miller/Gregg office at State Department), with Maurice Halperin. Further discussion of Halperin-Borah contacts with Gregg, Philip Dunaway, David Wahl, Alexander Lesser.

Also, discussion between Philip Dunaway and Theodore Halperin, brother of Maurice, concerning contacts with Russ Nixon, Len de Caux, Travis Hedrick, I. F. Stone, Carl Green, Bruce Waybur, Elizabeth Sasuly. Contacts among Mary Jane Keeney, Mrs. Maurice Halperin, David Wahl, Carl Green, Mrs. Robert Miller, Florence Levy, Maynard Gertler, Philip Dunaway, others. Further contacts among Duncan Lees, Donald Wheelers, Robert Barnetts, Duncan Lee and David Karr. Connection between Victor Perlo and Henry Collins, Helen Scott and Bernard Redmonts with Andrew and Julia Older (brother and sister), both formerly of OWI. Statement that Andrew Older and his wife Isabel “are both registered Communists in the District of Columbia in 1946.” Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Fitzgerald, Edward J.; [REDACTED]; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Greenberg, Michael; Gregg, Joseph B.; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Philip Olin; Keeney, Mary Jane; Kramer, Charles; Al Sherman; Lee, Lt. Col. Duncan C.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Long, Norton E.; Magdoff, Harry S.; Marks, Herbert S.; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Morse, Dr. Robert Thatcher; Newman, James R.; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard Sidney; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Schluter, Claymer; Scott, Helen; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; TASS News Agency; Krafsur, Samuel S.; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wahl, David R.; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 61

late July—early August, 1946

Surveillance of Solomon Adler, back in U.S. from China, on visit to Boston, contacted son of A. G. Silverman. Miscellaneous updates on Helen Silvermaster, Cynthia Dierkes, Julius Joseph, others. Hoover memo to State Department inquiring about Lois Carlisle, contact of Mary Jane Keeney, Carlisle’s employment at State and/or successor unit to OSS. Interactions among Adler, Irving Kaplan, Solomon Lischinsky. Further activity of Abraham Weinstein, contact of Donald Wheeler, with Richard Watt, William Remington with Hollis Peter.

Also, extensive background on Just Lunning of State Department, links to William T. Stone, V. Frank Coe, Philip Dunaway, David Wahl, Donald Wheeler, Allan Rosenberg, Bowen Smith, Edward Fitzgerald. Discussion between Mary Jane Keeney and Sylvia Schimmel about Lunning, who would become Schimmel’s supervisor at State. Further wrap-up of Bentley conversation with William Browder, brother of Earl Browder. Notation toward end that Sol Adler was returning to China in company with Assistant Secretary of War Howard Peterson. Contact between John Marsalka and Helen Silvermaster concerning Marsalka’s move to New Haven, Conn. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 62

late July 1946

Volume consists entirely of further report on activities and contacts of Bernard Redmont and Joan Redmont in Latin America, return to U.S. from Latin America of Ursula Wasserman. Main emphasis is on Bernard Redmont, described as “known Soviet agent.” Redmont’s contacts listed, but most substantive information in file withdrawn or heavily redacted. Index at end blacked out entirely. VIEW FILE

Volume 63

August 1946

Miscellaneous updates, leads and instruction, on various suspects, with most content redacted, in first part of volume. Remainder is summary of surveillance results in early weeks of August: Further data on activity of Sol Adler prior to departure for China, including contacts with Irving Kaplan, Harold Glasser, Murray Latimer, Sol Lischinsky, V. Frank Coe. Contacts of Philip Dunaway with Maurice Halperin, Robert Lamb, Carl Green. Similar contacts among Dunaways, Halperins, Mary Jane Keeney, Julius Joseph, others. Background on John Hazard, contact of Robert Miller.

Also, background on Murray Latimer, contact of N. G. Silvermaster and Irving Kaplan. Discussion of Alice Demerjian, surveilled with Latimer and Kaplan at Washington Airport, but with substantive content on Demerjian redacted. Discussion of Inez Munoz at State Department, contact of Robert Miller and Joseph Gregg, formerly employed by them at publication, Hemisphere. Munoz also listed as close contact of Alix Reuther and Helen Tenney and writer for Federated Press. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Adler, Sol; Dunaway, Philip Howard; Fitzgerald, Edward J.; [REDACTED]; Glasser, Harold; Greenberg, Michael; Hazard, John Newbold; Kramer, Charles; Kulischer, Eugene M.; Latimer, Murray Webb; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Long, Norton E.; Magdoff, Harry S.; Marks, Herbert S.; Munoz, Inez Esperanza; Newman, James R.; Perazich, George N.; Perlo, Victor; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Schimmel, Herbert; Schluter, Claymer; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; [TWO ENTRIES REDACTED]; Todd, Lawrence; Taylor, William Henry; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig VIEW FILE

Volume 64

August 1946

Summary of surveillance results on numerous subjects dating back for several months. Hoover comments on Abel Plenn, formerly of OWI, but with contents of report redacted. Further reports, also heavily blacked out in places, concerning Henry Collins, contact of William Remington with Byron Miller, interactions of Mary Jane and Philip Keeney with Silvermaster, Ullmann, Halperin, and Miller, plus contacts of Mary Jane Keeney with Ursula Wasserman, Jules Korchien, and Joseph Bernstein. Further notation of contact between Donald Wheeler and Richard Watt.

Last three-quarters of volume is wrap-up of various interactions and contacts among subjects dating to December 1945. Among items noted are connections of John and Cynthia Dierkes to Robert Miller; contacts of Edward Fitzgeralds and George Silverman with Mrs. Frank Cameron; discussion of Alger Hiss State Department contacts Donald Blaisdell and Chester Williams, the latter formerly with UNRRA and OWI, and brief mentions of Williams employee Esther Brunauer; contacts of Irving Kaplan with John Dierkes, Craig Vincent, others; extensive excepts from correspondence of Philip and Mary Jane Keeney.

Also, heavily blacked out sections on Charles Kramer and Harry Magdoff; exhaustive background on James R. Newman, including contacts with Byron Miller; contact between William Remington and Hollis Peter, identified as “connected with the intelligence unit at the State Department”; contact of Richard Sasuly with Silvermasters; Extended section on H. Bowen Smith, with content heavily withdrawn/redacted, but mention of his influence in sending occupation personnel abroad; brief background on Herbert Fierst. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Dierkes, John; Fitzgerald, Edward Joseph; [REDACTED]; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Greenberg, Michael; Gregg, Joseph B.; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane; Keeney, Philip Olin; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Duncan E.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry S.; Marks, Herbert S.; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Newman, James R.; Perazich, George N.; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard S.; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Schluter, Claymer; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Smith, Henry Bowen; [REDACTED]; Todd, Lawrence; [TWO ENTRIES REDACTED]; Taylor, William Henry; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wahl, David R.; Ware, Henry Holdship; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 65

August 1946

Summaries of activities, contacts and interactions of subjects during July 1946. Among items covered are brief background of Abel Plenn, further data on contacts of Just Lunning, repeating much of previous information; continued interaction among Maurice Halperin, Theodore Halperin, David Wahl, Philip Dunaway, Maynard Gerstler, Julius Joseph. Contact between Theodore Halperin and identified CP member in DC area; further correspondence of Philip and Mary Jane Keeney, detail on Mary Jane Keeney discussion with Sylvia Schimmel about Just Lunning, notation of Mary Jane Keeney contact with Lois Carlisle.

Discussions also of Mrs. Keeney’s contacts with Michael Greenberg, Eric Beecroft, and Ursula Wasserman; background on Florence Levy, sister-in-law of Robert Miller, including work at State Department and previous employment at Hemisphere; interactions of George Silverman and David Weintraub, recently fired from UNRRA; contacts of Ursula Wasserman with David Melcher and Philleo Nash, formerly of OWI; notation of previous contact between Nash and Louise Bransten. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Fitzgerald, Edward J.; [REDACTED]; Plenn, Abel Roth; Greenberg, Michael; Halperin, Maurice; Joseph, Julius J.; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane; Keeney, Philip Olin; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Duncan E.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry S.; Marks, Herbert S.; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Morse, Dr. Robert Thatcher; Newman, James R.; Nortman, P. Bernard; Perazich, George N.; Perlo, Victor; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Schluter, Claymer; Scott, Helen; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; [REDACTED]; Chuba, Olive Sutton; [TWO ENTRIES REDACTED]; Todd, Lawrence; Taylor, William Henry; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wahl, David R.; Ware, Henry Holdship; Wasserman, Ursula; Wheeler, Donald Niven VIEW FILE

Volume 66 (missing)

Volume 67

August 1946

Bureau surveillance summaries and background checks indicating further interaction among groups of suspects: Sol Adler with George Silverman, Harold Glasser, Sol Lischinsky, Irving Kaplan, Alan Rosenberg, David Weintraub. Contacts of Henry Collins with Bela Gold, Harry Bridges, Mrs. Victor Perlo, plus background on Collins from Dies Committee and Whittaker Chambers. Continued interactions of Maurice Halperin, David Wahl, Julius Joseph, Woodrow Borah, Bob Rogers, Alexander Lesser, Philip Dunaway, others.

Similar contacts noted, mostly via correspondence, among Mary Jane Keeney, Joseph Bernstein, Frederick V. Field, Jessica Smith, Ursula Wasserman, Robert and Charlotte Serber. Overlaps shown between Maurice Halperin and Robert Miller groups, including Miller contacts with Halperin and Alexander Lesser, as well as with Bernard Redmonts, John Dierkes, and Florence Levy (sister in law of Miller

Further background on James R. Newman. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Fitzgerald, Edward J.; [REDACTED]; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Glasser, Harold; Greenberg, Michael; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Joseph, Julius J.; Gillerman, Gerald; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane; Keeney, Philip Olin; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Duncan C.; Lewis, Alexsandra Palovna; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Long, Norton E.; Magdoff, Harry S.; Marks, Herbert S.; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Miller, Samuel; Morse, Dr. Robert Thatcher; Newman, James R.; Nortman, P. Bernard; Perazich, George N.; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Schluter, Claymer; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; [TWO ENTRIES REDACTED]; Todd, Lawrence; Taylor, William Henry; Tenney, Helen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wahl, David R.; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 68

August 1946

Extensive background on Abraham Brothman, his contacts with Jules Korchien, Soviet commercial agency Amtorg, others. Activities and contacts of Ray Elson, Joseph Gregg, Julius Joseph, Duncan C. Lee, Robert Miller, mostly of incidental nature. Contact reported among James R. Newman, Leo Szilard, and Edward Condon. Apparent contact, but with most information redacted, between Bernard Redmont and two employees at New York Headquarters of OWI. Background on Harold Faggen and Leon Salkind, reported contacts of Ludwig Ullmann. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Solomon Adler, Abraham Brothman, Jules Korchien, Ursula Wasserman, Ray Elson, Joseph Gregg, Henry Holdship Ware, Alger Hiss, Julius Joseph Joseph, Charles Kramer, Jonathan Goldmark, Duncan C. Lee, Robert Talbott Miller III, James R. Newman, Dr. Leo Szilard, Bernard Redmond, Ruth Rifkin, Allan Rosenberg, George Silverman, [REDACTED], Helen Tenney, William Ludwig Ullmann, Leon Salkind, David R. Wahl, Abraham Benedict Weinstein, Donald N. Wheeler, Harry Dexter White VIEW FILE

Volume 69

August 1946

Miscellaneous updates on further activities of main suspects, but with many portions withdrawn or heavily redacted. Virtually complete blackout of FBI information in memo to White House on James R. Newman, but with brief discussion of relationship of Newman to Byron Miller, a contact of William Remington. Discussion between David Weintraub and George Silverman about putative Weintraub job at U.N. Contacts reported between Lillian Dunaway and Mary Jane Keeney; Mrs. William Taylor with Helen Silvermaster, Robert and Mildred Brady, A. M. Kamarck; Mary Price and Mrs. Duncan Lee.

Also, contacts recorded among Robert Millers and John Marsalka, Philip and Alice Raine; Mary Jane Keeney with Woodrow Borah, Eric Beecroft; Carl Green and Mrs. Allan Rosenberg; Max Lowenthal with David Wahl and Herbert Fierst; Allan Rosenberg and Just Lunning; Marsalka with Alexandra (Shura) Lewis; Bureau inquiries concerning contacts of Victor Perlo with G. Graze, Bernard Redmont with Jerry Askwith, others; completely redacted section on Fedor Garanin of Soviet Embassy. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 70

late August—early September 1946

First part of volume consists of miscellaneous updates on numerous suspects, activities and contacts, but with many entries heavily redacted. Lengthy discussion of technical, scientific matters worked on by Abe Brothman. Memo on David Wahl, substantially redacted, recapping contact with Max Lowenthal and Herbert Fierst, and stating that Fierst and Harold Glasser were listed as delegates to the August ’46 UNRRA meeting in Geneva, Switzerland. Also, memos on James Newman and Herbert Marks, recapping Newman contacts with Edward Condon, others, and noting Marks’ connection to J. Robert Oppenheimer. Memo concerning Wahl, saying “as early as 1941” he was reported to be a “master” spy for Moscow.

Second half of volume is a wrap-up of further, mostly incidental information on previous list of subjects. In case of Cedric Belfrage, notation that he was believed in contact with a Gunnar Leistikow at OWI, whose references included Marya Blow of Short Wave Research. Extensive data on alleged CP connections of Mrs. Elizabeth Moos, mother-in-law of Bentley suspect William Remington. This section indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Cedric Henning Belfrage, Abraham Brothman, Ursula Wasserman, Norman Chandler Bursler, Alexander Sacks, Lauchlin Currie, Ray Elson, Edward Fitzgerald, [REDACTED], Joseph Gregg, Confidential informant Gregory, Mary Jane Keeney, Philip O. Keeney, Charles Kramer, Herbert Simon Marks, Harry Magdoff, Robert T. Miller III, James R. Newman, Victor Perlo, Mary Wolfe Price, William Walter Remington, Bernard S. Redmont, Peter Rhodes, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, Ruth Rifkin, Helen Tenney, David Wahl, Abraham Benedict Weinstein VIEW FILE

Volume 71 (missing)

Volume 72

September—October 1946

Memoranda concerning Henry Collins, including background data from Whittaker Chambers, statement that investigation showed Collins was an associate of Joseph Gregg, Bela and Sonia Gold, and Alger Hiss. Indication that data on Collins and Norman T. Ness were supplied to Frederick Lyon of State Department. Surveillance report concerning October 11 meeting of Mary Jane Keeney, Allan Rosenbergs, Bowen Smiths and Owen Lattimores at Keeney apartment.

Update on new job obtained by N. G. Silvermaster at War Assets Administration, including hand-written note by Hoover, “very probably a promotion.” Discussion of dinner meeting between Harry Dexter White and Drew Pearson reporter David Karr, indicating White and Karr had talked in optimistic terms about the possible departure of James Byrnes and his associates from the State Department. Heavily redacted memo on Just Lunning, indicating he was an acquaintance of Maurice Halperin, Allan Rosenbergs, Philip Dunaway, and David Wahl. Memo concerning Samuel Klaus and “secret security committee” at State. Several memos on Bernard Redmont and his activity in Latin America. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 73

October 1946

Extensive, 230-page memo containing further data on more than 40 subjects of investigation and their contacts. Much of the information consists of routine data or financial, educational and employment background on individuals previously noted. Discussion among Harry Magdoff, Edward Fitzgerald, and others about political prospects of Henry Wallace. Contacts noted among John Dierkes and Silvermaster, Helen Silvermaster and Mrs. Robert Miller, notation that Dierkes had been with Treasury in German occupation, commendation of his work by Harry Dexter White.

Also, contacts reported between Edward Fitzgerald and Gertrude Cameron, discussion by Philip Keeney of his role in occupation of Japan, and that of Mary Jane Keeney in Berlin. Contacts of Mary Jane Keeney with Michael Greenberg, Alix Reuther, Stanley and Mildred Graze, Woodrow Borah, Helen Silvermaster, others. Contact of John Marsalka with Czech official Vladimir Houdek. Indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Adler, Solomon; Joseph Silverman; Bursler, Norman Chandler; Coe, Virginius Frank; Collins, Henry Hill, Jr.; Dierkes, John H.; Fitzgerald, Edward; [REDACTED]; Gertler, Maynard; Glasser, Harold; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane and Philip Olin; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Duncan C.; Long, Norton E.; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Edmund J. Stone, Jane S. Stone, Alfred and Beatrice Van Tassel, Harold and Katherine Stone; Marks, Herbert S.; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Munoz, Inez Esperanza; Newman, James R.; Nortman, P. Bernard; Older, Andrew H.; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Price, Mary; Redmont, Bernard S.; Remington, William R.; Rifkin, Ruth Sarah; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Schimmel, Herbert; Silverman, A. George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Smith, H. Bowen; [REDACTED]; Lawrence Todd, Samuel S. Krafsur, [REDACTED], Olive Sutton Chuba; Wahl, David; Ware, Henry Holdship VIEW FILE

Volume 74

October 1946

Miscellaneous teletype and other surveillance updates, with many key passages redacted. William Ludwig Ullman refers Ursula Wasserman to a Sidney Klepper, just returned from Germany, for information about events there. Notation that Harry Dexter White had met with Ambassador from Poland. Brochure reproduced from the “New Council of American Business,” in which Henry Wallace, N. G. Silvermaster, Victor Perlo, and Harry Magdoff are featured.

Also, reports concerning Fred W. Neal and Richard Post, but with all substantive information blacked out. Memo from Hoover to James Byrnes concerning the case of Robert Miller. Notation that David Weintraub had obtained a job at U.N., and that his sister was Rose Alpher, per Mary Jane Keeney discussion with Woodrow Borah. Keeney in contact with Mrs. Dorothy Todd (wife of TASS correspondent), Bowen Smith, Philip Dunaway. Not indexed. VIEW FILE

Volume 75 (missing)

Volume 76

October 1946

Volume opens with memoranda on James Newman, almost entirely redacted, and Herbert Marks, the latter concerning a New Yorker article featuring Marks, J. Robert Oppenheimer and the Acheson-Lilienthal plan for control of atomic energy. Further memos on Robert Miller, Alger Hiss and Gustavo Duran and State Department requests for information on these, but with most substantive information on all three redacted.

Next 100 pages of volume consist of further surveillance updates, with considerable financial and other background information. Memo on Maynard Gertler heavily redacted. Contact of Mary Jane Keeney with Henrietta Buckmaster. Brief background on E. J. Askwith as contact of Bernard Redmont and Robert Miller. Several memos concerning David Wahl, mostly of routine nature, but with a number of passages redacted. This section indexed by name as follows (with comprehensive name/subject index at end):

Cedric Henning Belfrage, Abraham Brothman, Ursula Wasserman, Lauchlin Currie, Ray Elson, Michael Endelman, Leon Erlich, [REDACTED], Maynard Gertler, Michael Greenberg, Joseph Gregg, Confidential informant Gregory, J. Julius Joseph, Mary Jane Keeney, Charles Kramer, Harry Magdoff, Robert T. Miller, Olga Prandina, Bernard S. Redmont, George Silverman, David Wahl, Abraham Benedict Weinstein, Donald Niven Wheeler, Harry Dexter White

Last part of volume contains memo on Bernard Redmont contact in Latin America with William Weiland, this also heavily redacted; plus discussion of Jules Korchien, with notation that check should be made of possible contacts with Benjamin Cohen of State Department, and that Cohen was instrumental in “fixing” the case of John Stewart Service and Amerasia. Toward end of volume, statement that memos on Alger Hiss and Gustavo Duran will follow. Hiss memo is included, but that on Duran is not. VIEW FILE

Volume 77

September 1946

Volume consists entirely of partly blacked out 227-page report on movements, contacts and background of a large number of subjects including Alger Hiss, Henry Hill Collins. Mentions of Franz Neumann, Herbert Fierst, the Keeney letters, and Sol Adler's call to John Carter Vincent. Table of contents:

Adler, Sol; Albert C. Shire; Joseph Silverman; Arthur W. Stuart; Collins, Henry Hill; [REDACTED]; Gertler, Maynard; Robert S. Lynd; Franz Neumann; Jay Robinson; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane; Keeney, Philip Olin; Korchien, Jules; Harry George Clement; Ursula Wasserman; Kramer, Charles; Lee, Duncan C.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Long, Norton E.; Magdoff, Harry S.; Edmund Jefferson and Jane Stone; Harold Alfred and Catherine Stone; Alfred and Beatrice Van Tassel; Marks, Herbert Simon; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Miller, Robert Talbott, III; Morse, Dr. Robert T.; Neal, Fred Warner; Newman, James R.; Nortman, P. Bernard; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Remington, William Walter; Rosenberg, Allan; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; [REDACTED]; Olive Sutton Chuba; [REDACTED]; Lawrence Todd; Taylor, William Henry; Ullman, William Ludwig; Wahl, David R.; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter

Comprehensive (25 page) name/subject index at end. VIEW FILE

Volume 78

October 1946

Bernard Redmont's activities in Rio de Janeiro, contact with William A. Weiland (alias "Montenegro"). Strickland to Ladd memo, substance redacted, re "loose manner in which strictly confidential information is being passed around among officials of the State Department"; states copy being prepared for Secretary of State and Frederick Lyon; handwritten addendum by Hoover suggests writing Assistant Secretary of State Donald S. Russell also. Ladd to Hoover reply, partly blacked out, states letter to Russell "highly inadvisable" because "any correspondence directed to Mr. Russell at the State Department may easily get into the hands of Mr. Panuch or Sam Klaus." Volume ends with 63-page report, most pages blacked out or withheld entirely. Comprehensive name index at end. VIEW FILE

Volume 79

October-November 1946

Volume consists mostly of heavily redacted surveillance memos, interactions, movements of various "Gregory" suspects. Background and contacts of James Roy Newman, mentions Byron S. Miller, William Walter Remington. Gertrude Cameron at Lunning residence, Mrs. Magdoff. Edward Fitzgerald mentions "Strait" [Michael Straight] re job; Bowen Smith contacts Mary Jane Keeney. Memo to Attorney General on Henry Hill Collins, Jr. Mary Jane Keeney and Larry Todd, Washington bureau, TASS News Agency, endorse John Carter Vincent's proposal to cut off aid to China.

"Sandy" [Durward V. Sandifer?] tells Alger Hiss that State Department security officer J. Anthony Panuch is holding up getting people into the department. Hoover directs SAC-Washington to send certain declassified documents to Mr. Bannerman to find out if they came from State, should have been declassified, and whether they were declassified by Woodrow Wilson Borah. Philip Olin Keeney with "Col. Thomas" [Sergei Kournakov]. Bernstein; David Karr-Harry Dexter White connection; I.F. Stone-Owen Lattimore connection. VIEW FILE

Volume 80

November-December 1946

Memo to George E. Allen, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, Oct. 8, '46. Hoover to Attorney General, Dec. 10, '46 re underground Soviet espionage in U.S. gov't. Mary Jane Keeney contacted Robert Henry Berkov, Sylvia Schimmel; Harold Bellingham talked to Philip Olin (Angus) Keeney; Helen Silvermaster told Gilda Frank Ludwig Ullman might resign; Mary Wheeler told Marian Coleman "they ferret them out wherever they are." Renee told Mary Jane Keeney Martin Bennett would talk on Pauley Report.

Hoover to Frederick B. Lyon re "Sandy" [Durward V. Sandifer?] telling Alger Hiss that Joe Panuch was holding up getting people into State Dept. O.A. Copies of ["lost"] Gregory summary at A.G.'s direction to be sent to Gen. Vaughan, the President, the Secretary of State, the Attorney General, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, and Fred Lyon. Nov. 27, '46 "first indication" to FBI that Robert Miller was asked to leave State Dept. VIEW FILE

Volume 81

December 1946

Memoranda on the Keeneys, whereabouts and contacts, meeting for years with GRU agent Joseph Milton Bernstein. Reference to Oct. 26, '46 report sent to Allen, Lyon. Comment that McInerney opposed general distribution of report on the grounds that it might “blow” the case; Hoover marginalia: “I am surprised at this… It is really intelligent.” Surveillance updates on Gregory suspects, Keeney correspondence, A.B. Weinstein surveillance continued. Much redaction.

Report on Harry Samuel Magdoff to A.G.: Hoover on leaks, earlier summary report sent to then-Secretary of the Treasury Fred Vinson; "lost" copies of summary to be distributed to George Allen for the President, Fred Lyon, Maj. Gen. Stephan J. Chamberlin, Adm. William J. Leahy; possibly also John Snyder, W. Averell Harriman. December 19, 1946 memorandum that Alger Hiss leaving State Department for Carnegie Endowment for World Peace. VIEW FILE

Volume 82

Volume consists entirely of October 21, 1946 report, “Underground Soviet Espionage (NKVD) in Agencies of the United States Government,” 335-page report on information furnished by Elizabeth Bentley (“Gregory”) and follow-up through FBI surveillance concerning the Silvermaster Group, (Lauchlin Currie, Harry Dexter White, etc.), the Perlo Group (Alger Hiss, etc.), and others. Discusses contacts of Mary Jane Keeney with Joseph Bernstein, David Wahl, Maurice Halperin, etc. Also includes intel on H. Bowen Smith, Duncan Lee, Ruth Rifkin, Cedric Belfrage, Bernard Redmont, Peter Rhodes, et al. Table of contents refers to some 56 principal suspects; index relates to hundreds of other people.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Predication

Background of Current Presentations

Background of Gregory

Methods of Operation of Soviet Espionage System

The Silvermaster Group

Nathan Gregory Silvermaster
Helen Witte Silvermaster, was
Schlomer Adler, was
Norman Chandler Bursler
Virginius Frank Coe
Lauchlin Bernard Currie
Bela Gold, was
Sonie Steinman Gold, was
Irving Kaplan
Abraham George Silverman
William Henry Taylor
William Ludwig Ullman
Anatole Boris Volkov
Harry Dexter White

The Perlo Group

Victor Perlo, was
Edward Joseph Fitzgerald
Harold Glasser
Alger Hiss
Charles Kramer, was
Solomon Aaron Lischinsky, was
Harry Samuel Magdoff, was
George W. Perasich
Allan Robert Rosenberg
Donald Niven Wheeler

Miscellaneous Individuals in Washington D. C.

Michael Greenberg, was
Joseph B. Gregg, wa
Maurice Halperin
Julius Joseph Joseph
Duncan Chaplin Lee
Robert Talbott Miller, III
Willard Z. Park
Mary Wolfe Price
Bernard Sidney Redmont
William Walter Remington
Peter Christopher Rhodes
Ruth Rifkin, was
Hazen Edward Sise
Bowen Smith
Helen B. Tenney

Miscellaneous Individuals in New York City and Vicinity

John J. Abt
Cedric Henning Belfrage
Abraham Brothman, was
Ray Elson, wa
Michael Endelman, was
Mildred Price
Lt. Col. John Hazard Reynolds
Dr. Abraham Benedict Weinstein

Miscellaneous Individuals in New York and Washington, D. C. Developed Through Investigation

Joseph Gaer
Mary Jane Keeney
P. Bernard Nortman
Leon Pressman
Elizabeth Semuly
Ursula Irene Wasserman

Soviet Representatives

Fedor Alexsevich Garanin
Anatoli Borisovich Gronov, was
Olga Borisovna Pravdina
VIEW FILE

Volume 83

October-December 1946

Routine background and surveillance reports on Arnold Endelman (contact of Irving Kaplan and Murray W. Latimer of the Office of War Information) David R. Wahl, Harry Samuel Magdoff. Correspondence of the Keeneys mentions Ursula Wasserman, Moscow holding up publication of a book on the Holocaust. Correspondence of Inez Munoz, contact of Joseph Gregg, Robert T. Miller III, and Helen Barrett Tenney. Conversation of N. G. Silvermaster about firings at the War Assets Administration, statement by Silvermaster that he had “60 of his own people down there.” Statement by Louis Budenz that Gerhart Eisler attended funeral of Jacob Golos; Elizabeth Bentley could not corroborate. McInerney reported to be “optimistic” about prosecution; suggested naming Bentley as co-conspirator. Tamm memo to Ladd reports AG instructed Vanech to give facts on Victor Perlo and other Treasury “Gregory” subjects to Ed Foley, General Counsel of Treasury; Tamm relayed Hoover’s concern about leaks. 2 pages withheld.

Teletype summarizing surveillance of “Gregory” suspects, mostly talking about job prospects. Harry Magdoff contact with Jay Deiss, Irving Kaplan, mentions George Silverman, Edward Fitzgerald; Mary Jane Keeney with Bowen Smith, concern about Civil Service Commission firings. Philip Keeney contact with the Silvermasters, Victor Perlo with Nathan Witt, DeWitt Eldridge with Doris Plenn, mentions The New Republic, Abel Plenn. Helen Silvermaster contact with Jenny Miller (wife of Robert T. Miller III), mentions Polya Habicht. Greg Silvermaster did not meet with Oscar Lange in New York; contacted Randolph Feltus, Joseph Gaer; Silvermaster said he would contact Lange in DC. Page withheld.

Memo states Lamar Caudle of Treasury wanted to interview Bentley; Oliver Tamm of FBI told him “the informant would probably be killed if his identity were inadvertently disclosed; tells Director Hoover he thinks Criminal Division of Justice is “trying to squirm out” of deciding whether to prosecute. Half-blacked-out teletype relates surveillance of Edward Fitzgerald, Alix Reuther contact with Ursula Wasserman, Mary Jane Keeney. Beadie Magdoff said Harry going to New York.

Letter to Hoover re Eugene M. Kulischer, first page substance blacked out, next 41 pages withheld completely. Routine report on correspondents of Mary Jane Keeney. Memos relate that Ladd denied McInerney a copy of Bentley’s statement; “atrocious exhibition of a complete lack of judgment on Belmont’s part.” Memo states Bentley willing to be interviewed by McInerney; McInerney says Justice will accept full responsibility for ensuing leaks. Update on the Keeneys, substantive information completely redacted, next 3 pages withheld. Memo from Hoover stating that AG telephoned to say that the “Gregory” story was in the hands of the press.

Significantly redacted surveillance update of Gregory suspect contacts and movements: Dick Sasuly with Bela and Sonia Gold, Harold Glasser; Mary Jane Keeney and Alix Reuther, David Wahl with Mary Jane Keeney; Silvermasters, Bowen Smith; Herb Schimmel with Beadie Magdoff, A. G. Silverman with Harry Magdoff, “Alan Rosenberg Special Account” – “the Yugoslav one.” At Silvermasters’, the Lee Pressmans, Mary Jane Keeney, the Robert Millers.

Palmer Weber contact with Harry Magdoff; Herb Schimmel; Beadie Magdoff with Melva Lischinsky; Michael Greenberg, Ben Alper, Ursula Wasserman, Lawrence Todd of TASS, Silvermasters, Ludwig Ullmann, Anatole Volkov, Jack Marsalka, Jenny Miller, N. G. Silvermaster with “the Minister” and Oscar Lange; Norman Chandler Bursler. Memo: Bentley agrees to be interviewed by McInerney Jan 7, 1947. Hoover memo to AG that Gregory story has leaked to press. 2 pages withheld. Partially redacted surveillance update: Irving Kaplan recommends James E. Wood for Foreign Service. Page withheld.

Heavily redacted memo on Alger Hiss, disarmament, atomic energy. IPR -- Mortimer Graves, Bob Barnett, Robert Zimler of UNRRA. Memo on G. Perazich, Ernest Weisman, all substantive information blacked out. Mostly redacted memo denying State Department information on “Gregory” suspects not currently (or ever) employed there. Nine pages withheld. Mostly redacted surveillance update. Tamm memo tells Hoover he relayed to Attorney General Clark Hoover’s concern lest “Gregory” case “collapse and become another Jaffe [Amerasia] case.” Heavily blacked out surveillance update. Mostly redacted document on Korchien. No index or table of contents. VIEW FILE

Volume 84

November 1946

Report: Maynard Gertler “has in his possession numerous restricted reports of the State Department”; “[Eugene] Kulischer had in his possession classified OSS reports.” Volume contains list of documents found. Extensive contacts of the “Gregory” suspects. Comprehensive name index at end, table of contents as follows:

Bassie, V. Lewis; Collins, Henry Hill, Jr.; Gertler Maynard; Greenberg, Michael; Keeney, Mary Jane and Philip Olin; Kramer, Charles; Kulischer, Eugene M.; Lewis, Alexandra Pavlovina; Long, Norton E.; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Marks, Herbert Simon; Miller, Robert Talbott; Newman, James R.; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth Sarah; Rips, Serge; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Schluter, Claymer; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; [TWO NAMES REDACTED]; Turner, Sarah; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 85

November 1946

More background and surveillance updates from September and October ’46 on contacts of “Gregory” suspects. Name index at end, with table of contents as follows:

Bassie, V. Lewis; Dunaway, Philip N.; Fitzgerald, Edward; Gertler Maynard; Jack Becker; Walter Murrow Rudolph; John di Francis; Harold Tatsumi Oshima; Glasser, Harold; Keeney, Mary Jane and Philip Olin; Kramer, Charles; Latimer, Murray Webb; Alice M. Demerjian; Lee, Duncan C.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Edmund J. and Jane Sanford Stone; Alfred J. and Beatrice Van Tassel; Marks, Herbert Simon; Newman, James R.; Older, Andrew H. and Julia S.; Park, Willard Z.; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Redmont, Bernard S.; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Silverman, Joseph; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; [REDACTED]; Lawrence Todd; Samuel Krafsur; [REDACTED]; Olive S. Chuba; Jean Montgomery; Taylor William; Wahl, David R.; Ware, Henry Holdship; Wasserman, Ursula; Wheeler, Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 86

December 1946

Heavily redacted report on Fred Neal, Abraham Weinstein. Bakground and surveillance updates from first two weeks of November ’46 of “Gregory” suspects. Name index at end, table of contents as follows:

Collins, Henry Hill, Jr,; Dunaway, Philip O.; Fitzgerald, Edward; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Green, Earl Preston; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Latimer, Murray Webb; Lewis, Alexandra Pavlovina; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Neal, Fred Warner; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Rosenberg, Allan Robert; Norman S. Altman; Paul Krueger; Arnold Levy; Harry N. Plotkin; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Silverman, Abraham George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Smith, H. Bowen; Remington, William Walter; Wahl, David R.; Wheeler, Donald; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 87

January 1947

Often heavily redacted Bureau memos and teletypes updating surveillance of “Gregory” people. Memo recounting Peyton Ford of the Justice Department accusing the FBI of tapping his phone. Section on David Wahl blacked out. Teletype: Helen Tenney “suffering from a severe psychosis.” Surveillance report on Philip Olin Keeney, much redacted, three pages withheld. Photostatic copies of Keeney correspondence, two pages withheld. Press clipping on “Gregory” case. Distribution list of Silvermaster report. Keeney correspondence with persons in Russia. Background of Maynard Gertler. Teletype surveillance update on Mary Jane Keeney, contact with Les Klepper, Russ Nixon; Max Lowenthal with Charles Kramer re “further efforts to destroy Brewster sub committee”; “delay”; “weaken Taft, Wherry, etc.”; “erasing of Committee”; “eliminating that report”; “Meander report”; “principal concern of Lowenthal and Dave Wahl.” More partly redacted surveillance reports, Marian Bachrach. Page withheld.

Report that Gen. Leslie Groves of Manhattan Engineer District is source of “Gregory” leak. Unclear how he found out about case. Memo: Justice asked FBI to check on current Federal government employment status of 15 “Gregory” suspects; Bureau memo replies that check will be confined to review of FBI records. Silvermaster handwriting sample. Teletype on Ursula Wasserman, 2 pages withheld, Alger Hiss surveillance update, partly blacked out. Memo, completely blacked out, except for Hoover’s handwritten note accusing McInerney of being the leaker. This followed by memo with another Hoover addendum: “If they would eliminate James McInerney from the case I believe the leaks might stop.” Memo that Treasury Secretary Snyder said a congressman told him he understood “from the FBI” there were subversives in the department; wanted copy of report. Reply from Hoover that Bureau had not talked to any congressman about case. Update on Harry Magdoff, partially blacked out; Remington update, partly blacked out, last page withheld. No index or table of contents. VIEW FILE

Volume 88

December 1946

Summary report of surveillance of “Gregory” suspects for last two weeks of November ’46. Name index at end and table of contents as follows:

Collins, Henry Hill. Jr.; Fitzgerald, Edward; Gertler, Maynard; Glasser Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Keeney, Mary Jane and Philip Olin; “Colonel Thomas”; Joseph Bernstein; George Faxon; Kulischer, Eugene M.; Charles P. Kindleberger; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Munoz, Inez; Newman, James R.; Older, Julia S.; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Remington, William Walter; Rosenberg, Allan Robert; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Silverman, A. George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Wahl, David Ralph; Wheeler, Donald Niven VIEW FILE

Volume 89

December 1946-January 1947

Partially redacted surveillance updates on Gregory suspects. Features the Keeneys, Charles Kramer, Allan Rosenberg, Harry Magdoff, Sol Lischinsky, Herb Schimmel, Robert Miller, Hamilton Robinson, Jack Marsalka, Charles R. Kindleberger, Joseph Gregg, Ruth Seegar, Carl Green, Eleanor Lattimore, Harold Glasser, Bowen Smith, “political problem” of “Rankin Committee and Denny Committee,” Kilgore, David Wahl, Adamson Report on Un-American Activities, Clark Foreman, Selden Manafee, Owen Lattimore, Anne Gertler, Barney Leroy (“all of the nice people”). This followed by redaction. A. G. Silverman, Isadore Salkind, Silvermasters, Eleanor Dreisen, Bruce Waybur, the Sasulys, Ludwig Ullmann, Norman Bursler, Joseph Friedman, more redaction, David Karr, Harry Dexter White, Edward Fitzgerald, Alger Hiss, Raymond Swing, Veet Bessie, Abel Plenn, Louis Adamic, Plenn: “Why don’t they discuss Lenin?” Phil Dunaway, Norman Ness, Madeline Karr, Drew Pearson, Ruth Beecroft, Russell Nixon.

Memos: McInerney wants to talk to FBI field agents; Hoover declines. Bentley seeking a lawyer to sue USSSC; Tamm suggests Tom Donegan. AG says “about 25” cases in government. Seven pages withheld. Kulischer: 3 pages withheld. Joseph B. Gregg: all substantive information blacked out. Duncan Lee, Harry Magdoff, A. Brothman, Julius Korchien, Harry Dexter White, much redacted, 2 pages withheld, Louis Budenz, Louis Adamic, copy of 1945 Bentley interview. Alger Hiss greatly pleased by the firing of Joe Panuch, and his replacement by Peurifoy. Mary and Mildred Price, Michael Greenberg, Lauchlin Currie. Frederick Vanderbilt Field. No index or table of contents. VIEW FILE

Volume 90

December 1946

Wiretap and other surveillance updates from October 1946, focused on "Gregory" suspects and contacts in New York City. Miscellaneous contacts of Cedric Belfrage with Louis Fischer, Claude Williams (concerning People's Institute of Applied Religion), Arthur Upham Pope, Others. Activities of Abraham Brothman, Jules Korchien. Brothman contact with Russians. Extensive biographical and other data on Bentley contact (Mrs.) Ray Elson. Background on Zalmond Franklin, contact of Charles Kramer.

Further contact of Harry Magdoff with Edward Fitzgerald, biographical other data on Mrs. Magdoff. Discussion of Inez Munoz and the Spanish Refugee Relief Campaign. Background data on Nathan Witt. Discussion of Herbert Hewlett, Agnes Smedley, Manuel Fox, C. B. Baldwin, Gregory Silvermaster and others linked to Hewlett. Extensive discussion of Dr. Abraham Weinstein (dentist), and his list of patients, including Joseph Gregg, Peter Rhodes, Ralph Bowman, Isabel Bernay, Ray Elson, Bernard Nortman, others. Name index at end and table of contents as follows:

Cedric Henning Belfrage, Abraham Brothman, Jules Korchien, Ursula Wasserman, Henry Hill Collins, Ray Elson, Michael Endelman, Edward Joseph Fitzgerald, Harold Glasser, Bela and Sonia Gold, Michael Greenberg, Confidential Informant Gregory, Maurice Halperin, Julius Joseph Joseph, Mary Jane Keeney, Charles Kramer, Harry Magdoff, Inez Munoz, Fred W. Neal, Elizabeth Sasuly, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, [REDACTED], Samuel Krafsur, Mrs. D.B. Pond, Abraham Benedict Weinstein, Harry Dexter White VIEW FILE

Volume 91

November-December 1946

Summary of surveillance in New York City involving various Bentley contacts and related suspects developed in the investigation. Among the individuals covered are Cedric Belfrage, Michael Greenberg, Charles Kramer, Harry Magdoff, Victor Perlo, and N. G. Silvermaster. As in most instances, the activities recorded are of routine nature, but show the extensive interconnections of the various individuals with one another.

Of particular note in this respect, and the longest section, is the report on Mary Jane and Philip Keeney, then visiting in New York. The Keeneys' contacts included Joseph Bernstein, Frederick Field, Doxey Wilkerson, Ursula Wasserman, Maurice Halperin, Jules Korchien and Michael Nagles. Also provided in this section is a brief summary of Joseph Bernstein's involvement in the Amerasia case and his contacts with Amerasia editor Philip Jaffe.

Likewise included in this volume are the contacts of Nathan G. Silvermaster in New York—Henrietta Klotz (one time secretary to Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau), Palmer Weber, and Sava Kosanovic, ambassador to the U.S. from the Tito government of Yugoslavia. Indications also that Silvermaster was to meet "Lange," most probably Oskar Lange, representing the Communist regime in Poland. Extensive name index at end. Table of contents as follows:

Cedric Belfrage, Abraham Brothman, Ursula Wasserman, Ray Elson, Arnold Endelman, Michael Greenberg, Confidential Informant Gregory, Mary Jane Keeney, Philip O. Keeney, Charles Kramer, Harry Magdoff, Victor Perlo, William Remington, Allan Rosenberg, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, Abraham Benedict Weinstein, Donald Wheeler VIEW FILE

Volume 92

January 1947

Miscellaneous memos and brief bios of subjects, plus surveillance summaries in selected cases. Numerous background checks and further tracking of interconnections among the subjects, memoranda dealing with Helen Scott and her contacts with Bernard and Joan Redmont and William Remington, all subjects of Bureau investigation. Correspondence and memos between Josephine T. Adams and the Keeneys, reflecting Adams' self-reported contacts with the Roosevelt White House prior to the death of FDR, and also with Communist Party chief Earl Browder.

Volume includes an extended wrap-up on Duncan C. Lee, formerly of OSS, Bentley's allegations concerning him, his contacts with Donald Wheeler and Mary Price, and his employment by the law firm of Thomas Corcoran. Memos concerning contacts of the Keeneys with a Max Weisman, his contacts in turn with Philip Dunaway and Dorothy Todd, wife of TASS correspondent Larry Todd. Brief memos concerning Norman Bursler, Harold Glasser, Sol Lischinsky, Richard Watt, others. Name index following this section. Thereafter, mention of former OWI employees Inez Munoz and Julia Older, memo at end concerning contacts of Michael Greenberg with Michael Straight and T.A. Bisson. VIEW FILE

Volume 93

February 1947

Volume opens with several Bureau memoranda concerning leaks of information to the press corps and FBI displeasure in this respect with members of the Justice Department. Hoover memo expressing doubts about successful prosecution and statement that, because of leaks by the Department, "there is little which can be expected from any action now." Further Hoover memo of February 4, 1947, saying "investigative reports in this case would not be furnished to the Criminal Division [of Justice] because of the possibility that some of the material therein would be publicized."

Also included are wrap-up memos on Gregory cases Bernard Nortman and Bernard Redmont and detailed questions from Justice to the FBI concerning numerous Bentley suspects, apparently with an eye to prosecution. Many heavily redacted memos concerning contacts of Mary Jane Keeney, Harold Glasser, Helen Tenney, Solomon Adler. Lengthy memo from FBI's Edward Scheidt to Hoover, discussing question of Bentley's credibility, questions raised by Justice, an interview with Bentley by Justice official James McInerney, Bureau answer to previous questions.

Further memoranda concerning Lauchlin Currie, Julius Joseph, N. G. Silvermaster, the Keeneys, William Weiland. Much of Keeney section and that on Weiland heavily redacted. Memo concerning Bentley contacts with Robert Miller, Joseph Gregg, Maurice Halperin, Willard Park; her statement that Minter Wood and Woodrow Borah, in contact with this group, were not to her knowledge CP members or espionage sources. Various heavily redacted memos concerning Bela Gold, Willard Park, William Henry Taylor, Charles Kramer, Edward Fitzgerald, others.

Several memos concerning internal problems in executive departments, including a "lost" security report at the Treasury and a Hoover memo of February 19, expressing concern about turnover in the security division of the State Department, whereby Hamilton Robinson replaced Frederick Lyon. Further updates on the contacts of the Keeneys, including the Silvermasters, [John] Marsalka, Stanley Graze, Carl Green, Maynard Gertler, and Bowen Smith. Mary Jane Keeney gives favorable loyalty reference on Lois Carlisle. Carl Marzani is in contact with Allan Rosenberg. Summaries provided by the Bureau concerning its reports of February 21 and October 21, 1946. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 94

Early 1947 wrap-up on surveillances from December 1946

Multifarious reports, with many pages redacted or withdrawn, concerning numerous Bentley people and related cases. Among the subjects profiled are Henry Collins and his wife, Susan B. Anthony II, Philip Dunaway, the Keeneys, David Wahl, Bela and Sonia Gold, others. Keeney contacts again numerous, including not only Wahl and Dunaway, but Sylvia Schimmel, Ben Alper, Larry and Dorothy Todd, Alix Reuther of the War Department, Daniel Melcher, Alice Demerjian, N.G. Silvermaster, Daniel Thorner, the Bowen Smiths, Eric Beecroft, Mildred (Mrs. Stanley) Graze, and others.

Volume provides a brief wrap-up on the Duncan Lees, including contacts with Mrs. Donald Wheeler, Mrs. Donald Hiss, and the Corcoran law firm. Similar section on Harry Magdoff, noting contacts with Victor Perlo, Jay Deiss, Herbert Schimmel, Gerald Graze (brother of Stanley). Further surveillance wrap-ups on John Marsalka (heavily redacted), the Robert Millers, Abel Plenn, Victor Perlo, Ruth Rifkin, Bernard Redmont, William Remington, Bowen Smith, the Silvermasters, and others.

These sections record many interactions among the various subjects and behind-the-scenes activities concerning their security status, including contacts between the Silvermasters and Millers, discussions of Robert Miller with Rowena Rommel about his impending ouster from the State Department, employment of Ruth Rifkin by William T. Stone, connections of Allan Rosenberg to Carl Green, the Harold Glassers, David Wahl. Further discussion of the Bowen Smiths and the Keeneys, Silvermaster's meeting with Sava Kosanovic in New York. Nine-page section on David Wahl withdrawn entirely. Name index at end. Table of contents as follows:

Collins, Henry Hill, Jr.; Dunaway, Philip H.; [REDACTED]; David D. Newton; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Keeney, Mary Jane and Philip Olin; Lee, Duncan C.; Long, Norton E.; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Perlo, Victor; Redmont, Bernard Sidney; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan Robert; Smith, H. Bowen; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Wahl, David R.; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 95

December 1946-March 1947

Miscellaneous surveillance memos, summaries of suspect activities, and wrap-ups concerning several individual cases. Many key passages redacted and/or pages withdrawn entirely. Most extensive sections are fairly lengthy memoranda concerning William Remington, Charles Kramer, and the Keeneys. These memos, recapping much of what had previously been reported in fragmentary fashion, were prepared by the Bureau for the use of government officials preparing to take action on these cases.

As in other instances, this volume contains particular emphasis on the Keeneys and their innumerable contacts. At this time, Philip Keeney was serving in Japan, and Mary Jane was preparing to join him there. The Bureau and State Department officials were moving to prevent this, and to have Philip recalled from his position with the occupation forces. The Bureau memos were part of this effort, and various FBI comments address the question of what action in particular should be taken vis-a-vis the Keeneys. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 96

February—March 1947

Details concerning Bentley's legal situation with the commercial front organization she had been involved with in New York. Still more information supplied about the Keeneys, including data from Keeney diaries that the FBI obtained and copied. The diaries contain numerous references to the Keeneys' alleged Communist and pro-Communist contacts in California, Washington, New York and elsewhere—including Haakon Chevalier, Richard Bransten, Laurence Todd, David Wahl, Doxey Wilkerson, the Silvermasters, William Ullman, Robert Miller, and others. This FBI update says Philip in 1940 obtained a position at the Library of Congress through the efforts of David Wahl.

Of further interest in this volume are contact of Robert Miller with Alger Hiss, a Hoover memo to then Secretary of State George Marshall about security suspects in the State Department, and individual case summaries supplied by Hoover to the Attorney General on seven cases: Edward Fitzgerald of Commerce, Bernard Nortman of State, and Solomon Adler, Harold Glasser, Sonia Gold, Victor Perlo, and William Ullman, all of the Treasury Department. All these individuals were still employed by the Federal government in March 1947.

Also included in this report is a March 10, 1947 memo saying Justice official Vincent Quinn had suggested presenting evidence on the Gregory suspects "to a grand jury with the idea of letting them no bill the case. Further, that in event Congressman [Parnell] Thomas on the Un-American Activities Committee should ever raise a question, it would be possible to answer by saying that the grand jury had considered the evidence and had not deemed it sufficient to justify criminal action." No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 97 (missing)

Volume 98

March 1947

Random memos on individual cases, plus further discussion of possible prosecution of Gregory suspects. Many entries heavily redacted or withdrawn entirely. Background data on Henrietta Klotz and her contacts with Harry Dexter White, the Silvermasters and William Ullman. Still more updates on the Keeneys, including contacts with Alix Reuther, Laurence Todd, David Wahl. Contacts of Mrs. Harry Magdoff with Sol Lischinsky, Victor Perlo with Charles Kramer, Jules Korchien with the Edward Rosskams. VIEW FILE

Volume 99

March 1947

A relatively brief section of the file, made the moreso by heavy redactions and pages withdrawn from the record, deleting roughly half the contents. This was the period when the Truman loyalty order was handed down and security agents were moving to scotch the travel plans of Mary Jane Keeney. Much of what appears in the volume concerns protests by Keeney and others about these matters, and Keeney's efforts to get State Department action in her favor.

Also included are data on Charles Kramer and his role as a staffer to Sen. Claude Pepper of Florida; interactions between Palmer Weber and Irving Kaplan; conversations among Harry Dexter White and Randolph Feltus, Feltus with Robert Miller, Miller with the Silvermasters. Background data on Maynard Gertler and his connections to various Bentley suspects such as Kramer, Harold Glasser, Maurice Halperin and William Remington, and with collateral figures Mary Jane Keeney, Carl Green, David Wahl, Just Lunning and Bowen Smith.

Among the heavily redacted sections are those dealing with White, Julius Joseph, Victor Perlo, and some aspects of the Keeney record. File nonetheless contains many references to the Keeneys and their innumerable contacts, including Clayton (Mrs. Bowen) Smith, David Wahl, Eric Beecroft, Lois Carlisle, and Alix Reuther. Data also on linkages between Irving Kaplan and Harry Magdoff, including discussions of work with Henry Wallace. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 100

Early 1947, pertaining to events of December 1946

Wrap-up of numerous surveillance reports on actions of Bentley people and their contacts at year-end 1946. Shows the multifarious interactions of numerous suspects and their contacts, including the Robert Millers and the Silvermasters, other Bentley Treasury suspects, political projects on which they were working, efforts to get or keep employment.

Various entries in this file concern attempts of Bentley suspects/contacts to establish relationships with Communist representatives from Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, and Poland. Heavily redacted sections on Henry Collins, Bela and Sonia Gold, Jay Robinson, Stanley Graze, Gordon Griffiths, and others. File contains discussion of Robert Miller's relationship with State Department official Hamilton Robinson, and Robinson's educational and governmental background. Exhaustive name index at end, plus table of contents as follows:

Bassie, V. Lewis; Collins, Henry Hill, Jr.; Fitzgerald, Edward; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Herman Zapp; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane and Philip Olin; Bettie M. Malone; Daniel Thorner; Jay Robinson; Jane Gray Paterson; Lucien A. Hilmer; Stanley Graze; John P. Flynn; Irene Till (Mrs. Walton Hamilton); Gordon Griffiths; Colonel Thomas; George R. Faxon; Latifer, Murray Webb; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Miller, Robert Talboott, III; Hamilton Robinson; Joseph Gillman; Miller, Samuel; Park, Willard Z.; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Bruce Rogers; Remington, William Walter; Rosenberg, Allan R.; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Silverman, A. George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Taylor, William Henry; Winston, Clement VIEW FILE

Volume 101

Late December 1946—January 1947

Further wrap-up of surveillance logs, with principal emphasis on Bentley suspects and their contacts in New York. Included in this group were Abraham Brothman, Ursula Wasserman, Ray Elson, Maynard Gertler, Helen Tenney, Bernard Nortman, Abel Plenn, Mildred Price, Ruth Rifkin, Allan Rosenberg, Peter Rhodes, and Dr. Abraham Weinstein.

Much of the information in this file, in the nature of surveillance data, is incidental. Indications, however, of overlaps between the Gregory-Bentley suspects and those in the Amerasia/IPR investigations, e.g., discussion of Maynard Gertler's contact Harry Oshima and his relationship in turn to Amerasia figure Andrew Roth and Michael Greenberg, formerly of the IPR; contacts of Mildred Price of the China Aid Council with Mme. Sun Yat-sen, whose activities in China would be prominently mentioned in the IPR investigation. Name index at end and table of contents as follows:

Abraham Brothman, Ursula Wasserman, Ray Elson, Maynard Gertler, Confidential Informant Gregory, Maurice Halperin, Jack Marsalka, P. Bernard Nortman, Victor Perlo, Abel Plenn, Mildred Price, Ruth Rifkin, Allan Rosenberg, Peter Rhodes, Helen Tenney, Abraham Benedict Weinstein, Theodore Baumgold VIEW FILE

Volume 102

March—April 1947

Another relatively brief, but heavily redacted, summary of surveillance data, background information on contacts of suspects, and discussion of Bureau plans to interview Bentley subjects in hope of obtaining corroborating statements for her charges. (This immediately prior to New York grand jury sessions in which the Bentley allegations would be aired.)

Among the heavily redacted sections of the file is that concerning Bernard Redmont and his activities in Rio de Janeiro, plus an apparently related case in Rio. A further connected case, also redacted, is that of William Weiland. Further discussion also of Mary Jane Keeney's passport troubles and her talks with Alix Reuther, David Wahl, Bowen Smith and others as to possible assistance. Among those mentioned in these discussions were Drew Pearson assistant Andrew Older, Dwight Mallon, Herbert Fierst and his State Department boss, John Hilldring. No index or table of contents. VIEW FILE

Volume 103

March 1947

More surveillance logs, dating from early 1947. Among those featured: Henry Collins, Lauchlin Currie, Maynard Gertler, Helen Tenney (heavily redacted in places), and data on the relationship of Mary Jane and Philip Keeney to identified Soviet agent Joseph Bernstein, another Amerasia figure. The Keeney-Bernstein section is redacted almost in toto. Likewise for sections on Charles Kramer, Cyril Graze (brother of Stanley and Gerald Graze), Mildred Price, and Allan Rosenberg.

More informative are the updates on Collins and his New York contacts (including Nathan Witt), and Henry Morgenthau secretary Henrietta Klotz (contacts with the Silvermasters, Maurice Halperin, the Harry Dexter Whites). Extensive information also provided on Helen Tenney, experiencing psychiatric problems, and her contact with an Irma Nelson Bernay, and the activities of Dr. Abraham Weinstein, a central figure in the Bentley allegations. Name index at end with table of contents as follows:

Cedric Belfrage, Abraham Brothman, Ursula Wasserman, Jules Korchien, Henry Hill Collins, Lauchlin Currie, Ray Elson, Leon Erlich, Maynard Gertler, Michael Greenberg, Confidential Informant Gregory, Mary Jane Keeney, Philip Olin Keeney, Charles Kramer, Harry Magdoff, Victor Perlo, Mildred Price, Peter Christopher Rhodes, Allan Rosenberg, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, Helen Tenney, Abraham Benedict Weinstein VIEW FILE

Volume 104

March—April 1947

Heavily redacted section, with numerous pages withdrawn entirely and many passages blacked out. More discussions of surveillance, with emphasis on projected wiretaps on State Department employees Robert Miller, Bernard Nortman, Donald Wheeler, and Woodrow Borah. Mention in these memos of internal factions in the State Department, including Bureau skepticism concerning State security official Samuel Klaus. Corresponding favorable attitude suggested toward security officer Jack Neal.

State Department discussion arises in connection with a "farewell party" for Mary Jane Keeney (then intending to go to Japan), given by David Wahl. Among the guests surveilled in attendance were State Department official Chet Sinclair (this to be reported to Neal) and Mr. and Mrs. Mikhail Valivov of the Soviet Embassy. David Wahl thereafter surveilled on a trip to New York City meeting with Maurice Halperin and with woman identified as Bella Dodd, a leader in the Communist Party.

Otherwise, a principal feature of the volume is indicated overlap between "Gregory" case and individuals who would figure in other investigations. One Bureau memo relates Robert Miller conversation with Carl Green, concerning potential get-together with Owen Lattimore, overnight guest of Bowen Smith. Further contacts in turn between Mary Jane Keeney and Bowen Smith concerning her passport troubles, and also with Alix Reuther, Dorothy Todd, and the Philip Dunaways. Bowen Smith remarks that his guests the previous evening included the Lattimores, the Clifford Durrs and Mortimer Graves. VIEW FILE

Volume 105

January—February 1947

Extensive wrap-up of surveillance results from early weeks of 1947. Certain sections—Solomon Adler, Henry Collins, Michael Greenberg—heavily redacted. Section however contains considerable detail on numerous subjects of investigation, including Harry Dexter White and others formerly with the Treasury Department, Robert Miller and his colleagues, the Silvermaster circle, and so on, indicating continuing contacts among these groups and further linkages between "Gregory" probe and parallel inquests such as Amerasia.

As with many other volumes, the lengthiest section is that on Mary Jane Keeney, followed by that on Robert Miller. The bulkiness of the Keeney section results from the widespread nature of her contacts and the fact that the Bureau obtained copies of her diary and some of the Keeneys’ correspondence. In these documents, scores of people are mentioned as friends and/or allies of the Keeneys—many also discussed in other sections of the report as prime subjects of investigative interest.

Mary Jane Keeney's multifarious contacts as reflected by surveillance and her diary included N.G. Silvermaster, Lois Carlisle, Alix Reuther, the Allan Rosenbergs, Renee Guthman of the IPR, Philip Dunaway, the Larry Todds, Bowen Smith, David Wahl, Eleanor Lattimore, Daniel Melcher, Russell Nixon, the Harold Glassers, Jay Deiss, Carl Green, Maurice Halperin, Jean Tatlock, John Marsalka, Michael Greenberg, Hugh DeLacey, William Hinckley, Robert Miller, Willard Park, Abel Plenn, Hakon Chevalier, Alice Barrows, and many others. Lengthy name index at end with table of contents as follows:

Adler, Solomon; Coe, Virginius Frank; Collins, Henry Collins, Jr,; Dierkes, John; Dunaway, Philip H.; Feltus, John Randolph; Fitzgerald, Edward J.; Friedman, Irving S.; Friedman, Joseph B.; Gertler, Maynard; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Greenberg, Michael; Keeney, Mary Jane and Philip Olin; Klepper, Sidney Lester; Kramer, Charles; Kulischer, Eugene M.; Magdoff, Harry S.; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Nixon, Russell Arthur; Nortman, P. Bernard; Older, Julia S.; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Roth; Remington, William Walter; Rosenberg, Allan; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Silverman, A. George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Smith, H. Bowen; Stone, Edmund Jefferson; Tenney, Helen B.; Ullmann, William L.; Waybur, Bruce; Wheeler, Donald; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 106

April 1947

Consists almost entirely of a 55-page report on Maynard Gertler, a former State Department and OSS employee said by the FBI to have "in his possession approximately 1,000 documents, some of which are stamped restricted, confidential and top secret." According to FBI surveillance and background checks, Gertler was a contact of Philip Dunaway, Maurice Halperin, David Wahl, Bowen Smith, and others of their circle. His academic connections included Robert Brady, Franz Neumann, Robert Lynd, and Owen Lattimore of Johns Hopkins University.

The documents said to be in Gertler's possession were found at the New York estate of Hugh Grant Straus, Gertler's wealthy father-in-law, and supplied to the FBI via a "confidential informant." The titles and nature of most of these documents are blacked out in Bureau records, but such details as are provided suggest a heavy emphasis on Far Eastern matters, in keeping with Gertler's former employment with the Far Eastern divisions of OSS and the State Department. Name index at end. VIEW FILE

Volume 107

February—March 1947

More surveillance wrap-ups, similar to Volume 105. Heavy redactions again—a lengthy section on Henry Collins being blacked out almost entirely. Further details concerning interactions of the Philip Dunaways, David Wahl and numerous others with Mary Jane Keeney; Alger Hiss in late '46 discussion with Durwood Sandifer concerning trouble with State Department security officer J. Anthony Panuch. This followed by January '47 Hiss discussion with Cal Nichols of State commenting favorably on Panuch's repacement by John Peurifoy; interactions between Irving Kaplan, Harry Magdoff, and Charles Kramer; Kaplan's favorable recommendation of James Wood for a post in the Foreign Service.

Other individuals covered in this surveillance summary include Duncan C. Lee, John Marsalka, Robert Miller, the Silvermasters, and William Remington. Discussion by Leonard Rennie, Allan Rosenberg, and Carl Marzani concerning Marzani's indictment in Federal Court for denying that he was a Communist to Panuch of the State Department. Extensive name index at end. Table of contents as follows:

Bernstein, Bernard; Collins, Henry Hill, Jr.; Dunaway, Philip H.; Friedberg, Morris; Gertler, Maynard; Glasser, Harold; Hiss, Alger; Kamarck, Andrew Martin; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane, Philip Olin; Klotz, Henrietta S.; Klotz, Herman; Lee, Duncan C.; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Mayer, Bell S.; Miller, Robert Talbott, III; Older, Julia S., Andrew, Isabel S.; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Remington, William Walter; Rosenberg, Allan Robert; Sasuly, Elizabeth Richard; Silverman, Joseph; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Smith, H. Bowen; Stone, Edmond Jefferson; Stuart, Arthur Waters; Taylor, William Henry; Tennenbaum, Jeannette Kipp; Wahl, David R.; Ware, Henry; White, Harry Dexter; Wolski, Helga M. VIEW FILE

Volume 108

April 1947

Brief section of about 30 pages, many withdrawn or heavily redacted, containing random Bureau cables and memos concerning the Price sisters, Mildred and Mary, Woodrow Borah, Palmer Weber, Mary Jane Keeney, the Silvermasters, Mrs. Edward Condon, Harry Magdoff and others. Memo from FBI agent F.L. Jones to Bureau official Mickey Ladd, arguing that the nature of the evidence assembled and prevailing judicial attitudes made successful prosecution unlikely, and that the case should be handled as an internal security matter. Further discussion between Mary Jane Keeney and Alix Reuther concerning Keeney's passport troubles, and efforts of David Wahl to approach John Hilldring of the State Department in her behalf. Speculation by Keeney that Wahl's efforts would be via Herbert Fierst of Hilldring's office. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 109

March 1947

Wrap-up of surveillance results from first two weeks of February '47. Virtually all information concerning Henry Collins once more redacted. Further extensive data on interactions of Philip Dunaway, Carl Green, Mary Jane Keeney and others—many items concerning their common interest in radio station WQQW (Metropolitan Broadcasting Corp.) which the group had started, and efforts to schedule programming for the station. Considerable discussion also of activities of the Congress of American Women, to which Mary Jane Keeney was connected.

As in other volumes, entries on Mary Jane Keeney are numerous, as she moved back and forth among contacts and projects. Of particular interest is a description of a meeting attended by Keeney and Philip Dunaway at the home of David Wahl. Others in attendance included Nathan and Helen Silvermaster, William Ludwig Ullmann, Vladimir Houdek of the Czechoslovak Embassy and Mikhail Valivov of the Soviet Embassy. This was but one of many such contacts involving Keeney, Wahl and others of their circle with Houdek, Valivov and other Communist officials.

Still other Keeney acquaintences and contacts mentioned in this wrap-up include Sylvia Schimmel, Alice Demerjian, Alix Reuther, Eric Beecroft, Larry Todd, Lois Carlisle, Mrs. Bernard Nortman, and Mrs. Preston Lewis. Similar though less numerous contacts noted for Harry Magdoff, including David Wahl, Edward Fitzgerald, George Perazich of UNRRA, Herbert Schimmel, George Silverman, others. Similar data on John Marsalka (also in touch with David Wahl) and Robert Miller. At this time Miller had been forced out of the State Department and was seeking other employment. His contacts with State official Hamilton Robinson recounted. Name index at end, with table of contents as follows:

Collins, Henry Hill, Jr.; Dunaway, Philip Howard; Fitzgerald, Edward; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Keeney, Philip Olin; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Miller, Robert Talbott, III; Munoz, Inez; Neal, Fred Warner; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Roth; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan Robert; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Schimmel, Herbert; Silverman, A. George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Smith, H. Bowen; Van Tassel, Alfred; Wheeler Donald Niven; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 110

March 1947

Brief volume containing miscellaneous Bureau teletypes and memos on subjects, with numerous pages withdrawn entirely and passages redacted. This was at a time when the Truman loyalty program was announced and aid to anti-Communist forces in Greece was being debated. Both topics drew heavily critical comment from the "Gregory" suspects. Several comments also about the Progressive Citizens of America, then coming into being, the role of Henry Wallace, and the interest of the "Gregory" people in this project.

Indicative of changing Washington mood are discussions of Harry Dexter White's departure from the International Monetary Fund, the indictment of Carl Marzani, and still further passport trouble for the Keeneys—as Philip too was now subject to adverse official notice. More discussion by Mary Jane with David Wahl about her passport situation and efforts to reach John Peurifoy at State in an effort to change it. Notation that Carl Green was to set up a meeting between Robert Miller and Owen Lattimore. Teletype on Hamilton Robinson heavily redacted. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 111

March 1947

Wrap-up of surveillance summaries from last two weeks of February 1947. More discussion by Harry Magdoff, Edward Fitzgerald and others concerning role of Henry Wallace. Section on Henry Collins, as in other volumes, heavily redacted. Conversations between Fitzgerald and Irving Kaplan involving Lee Pressman and John Abt. Details about Joseph Gillman, former assistant to N.G. Silvermaster and a continuing contact, also in touch with Robert Miller. Section on Maurice Halperin heavily redacted, but contacts with Woodrow Borah and David Wahl recounted. Interactions reported among Irving Kaplan, Charles Kramer, Russell Nixon, and the George Silvermans, among others.

More details about Mary Jane Keeney and her passport troubles. In the midst of these, a State Department agent contacted Keeney for a loyalty check-up on Lois Carlisle, whom Mary Jane strongly recommended as a good loyalty risk. Section on Duncan Lee recounts contact with Herbert Fierst, an employee of the State Department. Yet another section mentioning Fierst, that on David Wahl, has been removed entirely. More than 50 pages on Wahl, including eight separate mentions of Fierst, withdrawn/redacted. Extensive name index at end reflects these and other redactions. Table of contents as follows:

Bassie, V. Lewis; Collins, Henry Hill, Jr.; Du Bois, Josiah Ellis; Fitzgerald, Edward; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Halperin, Maurice; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane and Philip Olin; Kulischer, Eugene; Lattimer, Murray Webb; Lee, Duncan; Magdoff, Harry S.; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Silverman, George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Wahl, David R.; Ware, Henry H.; Wheeler, Donald Niven VIEW FILE

Volume 112

April 1947

Miscellaneous memos and teletypes on the case, several involving interviews with the principal "Gregory" suspects (these conducted in the hope that someone would break, but none did). Still more updates on Mary Jane Keeney and her passport issues, including efforts to reach John Peurifoy at State, or (through the office of Senator Tobey) Dean Acheson, then Under Secretary to George Marshall. Various Keeney contacts with David Wahl, Bowen Smith, Alix Reuther, Jay Robinson of the State Department. Discussion between Keeney and Jay Robinson about Maynard Gertler. VIEW FILE

Volume 113

April 1947

Record of FBI interviews with 10 of the principal "Gregory" suspects. These interviews confirmed the mutual knowledge and interaction of many of the suspects, and in some cases provided useful background data, but in no case did any of the people interviewed admit to anything incriminating. Several admitted knowing Elizabeth Bentley ("Gregory"), but gave innocent explanations for such contact. William Remington said he thought Bentley was a newspaper reporter, and had shared information with her on this basis. (The Bureau report adds Remington appeared shaken when asked about a meeting with Bentley's Russian controller, Jacob Golos.) Table of contents as follows:

Fitzgerald, Edward Joseph; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Miller, Robert T. III; Nortman, P. Bernard; Perlo, Victor; Remington, William Walter; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Silvermaster, Helen Witte; Ullmann, William Ludwig VIEW FILE

Volume 114

April 1947

Memos and teletypes concerning interviews with and activities of suspects, together with summary memoranda giving background on many principal cases and their contacts. Details about Ursula Wasserman heavily redacted. New York meetings recorded between Henry Collins and Nathan Witt, publishers Boni and Gaer, and the Council on Foreign Relations. Contacts of Philip Dunaway with Maurice Halperin and Carol Weiss King, attorney for Gerhart Eisler. Section on Michael Greenberg heavily redacted. Mary Jane Keeney contacts in New York with Mike Naigles, Joseph Bernstein and Maynard Gertler, visit in Connecticut with Richard Bransten.

Background also provided on Helen Scott and Ruth Rifkin (the latter blacked out in major part), N.G. Silvermaster with Henrietta Klotz (also heavily redacted), H.A. Overstreet, and Palmer Weber. Effort by Joan Redmont to secure a job for Helen Scott. Meetings of David Wahl with Max Lowenthal, Maurice Halperin and Philip Dunaway. Contacts of Dr. Abraham Weinstein with Communist leader Gus Hall and night club manager Barney Josephson. Name index, plus table of contents as follows:

Abraham Brothman, Ursula Wasserman, Henry Hill Collins, Philip Dunaway, Ray Elson, Leon Erlich, Maynard Gertler, Bela and Sonia Gold, Michael Greenberg, Confidential Informant Gregory, Mary Jane Keeney, Harry Magdoff, Herbert Simon Marks, Victor Perlo, Abel Plenn, William Remington, Helen Scott, Ruth Rifkin, Allan Rosenberg, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, Henrietta Stein Klotz, Harry Overstreet, Palmer Weber, Helen Tenney, Irma Nelson, David Wahl, Abraham Benedict Weinstein, Donald Wheeler VIEW FILE

Volume 115

April 1947

Surveillance summaries from the first two weeks of March. Contact between V. Frank Coe of the IMF, formerly of the Treasury Department, with Bernard Nortman of the State Department. More blacked out pages on Henry Collins, plus heavily redacted section on Philip Dunaway. Repeated contacts between Edward Fitzgerald and Harry Magdoff, Irving Kaplan, and Herbert Schimmel. Robert Miller meets with N. G. Silvermaster, Joseph Gillman, and Randy Feltus. Discussions by Kaplan and Magdoff concerning "Beanie" Baldwin and Henry Wallace.

Quotes from correspondence of Philip Keeney to Mary Jane Keeney. Particulars about meeting of the Congress of American Women. Mary Jane surveilled in contact with Mikhail Valivov of Soviet Embassy, Larry Todd of TASS, David Wahl, Alix Reuther, Jerry Askwith, Lois Carlisle, and man identified from car license plates as Andrew Older, assistant to Drew Pearson. Contact also between Mary Jane Keeney, Bernard Nortman, Lillian and Philip Dunaway, Mrs. Catesby Jones, and the David Wahls. Mary Jane tells Edith Wahl that she recently met with Maynard Gertler, Ursula Wasserman, and Michael Greenberg.

Recap of Mary Jane conversation with Alix Reuther on passport issue, discussion of Herbert Fierst in Gen. Hildring's office. Contact between Mary Jane and Helen Silvermaster. Discussion with Alix Reuther and others concerning the Institute of Pacific Relations and Owen Lattimore, expected to attend a party given by Bowen Smith. Discussion between Robert Miller and Alger Hiss involving the IPR and Foreign Policy Association. Heavily redacted section on Fred Warner Neal, contact of William Remington. Conversations of Allan Rosenberg, Harold Glasser and Carl Green, Rosenberg contact with Carl Marzani. Massively redacted section (34 pages omitted) on David Wahl. Name index at end, table of contents as follows:

Bassie, V. Lewis; Coe, Virginius Frank; Collins, Henry Hill, Jr.; Dunaway, Philip H.; Fitzgerald, Edward; Gillman, Joseph M.; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane and Philip Olin; Kramer, Charles; Herbert Schimmel; Lee, Duncan C.; Long, Noton E.; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Neal, Fred Warner; Nortman, P. Bernard; Perazich, George; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Remington, William Walter; Rhoads, Joseph H.; Rosenberg, Allan Robert; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Silverman, A. George; Silvermaster N. Gregory; Smith, H. Bowen; Wahl, David R. VIEW FILE

Volume 116

April—May 1947

Memos of FBI interviews with Harold Glasser and William Remington. Glasser memo brief, Remington's longer and convoluted—attempting to explain his various left-wing activities and contacts. Brief updates on Abraham Brothman, Ursula Wasserman, Bernard Nortman, Allan Rosenberg. Dealings of Joseph Gregg with Dr. Abraham Weinstein. Summary Bureau memo on Mary Jane Keeney and Philip Keeney provided to Hamilton Robinson of the State Department. Stress in this memo on Josephine Adams, close friend of the Keeneys, and her role as liaison between Earl Browder and the Roosevelt White House.

Memos also concerning Alix Reuther, Abel Plenn, heavily redacted section on Donald Wheeler. Reproduction of newspaper ad for Silvermaster home, stressing its "excellent photographic room." Extensive background memo on William Remington and his contacts, including Bernard Redmont, Maynard Gertler, Bernard Nortman, Fred Neal, and others. Discussion between Carl Marzani and Erna (Mrs. Allan) Rosenberg concerning his trial. Heavily blacked out section on Donald Wheeler, discussing however his contacts with Duncan Lee, like Wheeler formerly of OSS, Robert Barnett of the State Department, and others. Conversation between Mrs. Just Lunning and Gertrude Cameron. Surveillance of Harold Glasser in contact with Allan Rosenberg, Charles Kramer, Mordecai Ezekiel, Solomon Adler, Mary Jane Keeney, David Wahl, Bowen Smith, and others. Concluding memo on FBI interview with Glasser in which he explained various of his activities and contacts but denied any wrong-doing. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 117

April 1947

Extensive memoranda providing background info, including Bentley allegations on Harry Magdoff, Nathan G. Silvermaster, A. George Silverman, Robert Miller, Bernard Nortman, Bela and Sonia Gold, Edward Fitzgerald, Allan Rosenberg and Ludwig Ullman. Further updated memo on Robert Miller toward end of volume. These summaries recap much of what is in other reports, bringing relevant materials together and adding further data, and were prepared as background for interviews of the suspects.

In all cases, the numerous interactions of "Gregory" subjects and their common contacts are apparent. A notable case is Miller, whose contacts included John Marsalka, Alger Hiss, Maurice Halperin, David Wahl, Florence Levy (Miller's sister-in-law), Joseph Gregg, Nathan Silvermaster, Polya Habicht, Ludwig Ullman, Joseph Gillman, Randy Feltus, Nathaniel Weyl, and others. Listed among Miller's State Department contacts are Philip Raine, Rowena Rommel, Hamilton Robinson, and Minter Wood. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 118

April 1947

Further summaries of background data and surveillance findings on "Gregory" cases, preparatory to interviews with the suspects. Included in this volume are Mary Price, Joseph Gregg, Victor Perlo, Solomon Adler, Duncan Lee, William Henry Taylor, and more data on the Silvermasters, plus briefer recaps of other cases. Volume also includes miscellaneous teletypes on suspects, plus copy of letter from Hamilton Robinson of the State Department explaining to Senator James Murray of Montana the security grounds on which Mary Jane Keeney had been denied a passport.

Again case summaries repeat data from other reports, and again a principal feature is the complex interaction of many suspects. Of particular interest are the actions of Mary Price, whose sister Mildred was active in agitational efforts concerning China. The Price sisters were in contact with Duncan Lee, Michael Greenberg, Victor Perlo, Donald Wheeler, Maurice Halperin, Willard Park, and many others. A similar multiplicity of contacts existed in other cases, especially those from the Treasury Department, where Perlo, Adler, Taylor, Coe, Glasser, Harry Dexter White and others reportedly interacted on a regular basis. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 119

May 1947

More surveillance summaries, from the last two weeks of March. Another heavily redacted section on Henry Collins, but including an update on Pierre Cot of France. Contacts of Maynard Gertler with Mary Jane Keeney, Mrs. Allan Rosenberg, Helen Silvermaster. Discussion of Gertler by Keeney, Carl Green, Bowen Smith. Contacts of Harold Glasser with Rosenbergs, Irving Kaplan with Harry Magdoff, Dorothy Kaplan with Palmer Weber. Further extensive exerpts from the correspondence of the Keeneys discussing their contacts with the Richard Branstens, Mike Naigles, Maynard Gertler, Doxey Wilkerson, Jules Korchien, Joseph Bernstein, Lois Carlisle, and others. Further contacts of Mary Jane with David Wahl, Alix Reuther, Philip Dunaway, Eric Beecroft, Mrs. Catesby Jones, Mrs. Bowen Smith, et al.

Section also contains discussion of Solomon Lischinsky, a close contact of Harry Magdoff, the Glassers and the Allan Rosenbergs. Lischinsky was employed by the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agency (UNRRA), and was sent by that agency to Poland. FBI surveillance showed Lischinsky was recommended for this assignment by David Weintraub of the U.N., as set forth in Weintraub discussion with Ludwig Rajchmann. Surveillance of the Robert Millers' contact with the Silvermasters, Ludwig Ullman, Minter Wood, Polya Habicht, Mrs. John Marsalka, Mrs. Len de Caux, and Joseph Gillman. Section on Julia and Andrew Older blacked out. Contacts of Donald Wheeler with Gordon Griffiths. Name index at end. Table of contents as follows:

Collins, Henry Hill, Jr.; Gertler, Maynard; Glasser, Harold; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane and Philip Olin; Lee, Duncan; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Older, Julia S. and Isabel S.; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Redmont, Bernard Sidney; Remington, William Walter; Rosenberg, Allan Robert; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Scott, Helen; Silverman, George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Taylor, William Henry; Ullman, William Ludwig; Wahl, David; Wheeler, Donald N.; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 120

May—June 1947

Contains interviews with various "Gregory" suspects, further surveillance updates, and background data on numerous cases. Includes Hoover memo on Washington defense attorney David Rein, conversation of Allan Rosenberg with Carl Marzani, further discussion of the passport/security troubles of Mary Jane Keeney. Many items heavily redacted. Several FBI interviews with William Remington concerning his alleged Communist Front connections. Conversation of Walter Lippmann with Alger Hiss. Interview with Michael Greenberg in which he cites contact with White House staffer David Niles.

Contact of Eleanor Lattimore with David Wahl, Owen Lattimore and Carl Green with Czech official Vladimir Houdek (further details redacted). Bureau interviews with Donald Wheeler, Allan Rosenberg, William Henry Taylor, and Duncan Lee. Extensive background data on former FEA and UNRRA employee George Perazich, whose specialty was liaison work with Yugoslavia, contacts with Harry Magdoff, Irving Kaplan, George Silverman, and others. Discussion of Abraham Brothman and Harry Gold. Background on Solomon Lischinsky, former UNRRA employee dealing with Poland, similar to section on George Perazich. No index or table of contents. VIEW FILE

Volume 121

June 1947

Extended summaries of interviews with "Gregory" suspects conducted in latter part of May. In most cases, substance of interviews recapped data already covered, as subjects typically acknowledged contact with various alleged Communist agents but said they had no knowledge that the individuals were Communists. Alger Hiss admitted his association with Lee Pressman, Nathan Witt, Henry Collins, and Harold Glasser but denied any subversive implication of such contact.

Duncan Lee, interviewed by Bureau agents, acknowledged numerous contacts with Bentley, but said he knew her as "Helen," that the contacts were social/casual and that he didn't even know her surname. William Henry Taylor acknowledged his contacts with Nathan G. Silvermaster, Harry Dexter White, Harold Glasser, Allan Rosenberg, Victor Perlo, and William Ludwig Ullman (most of these his colleagues at Treasury) but denied subversive implication. He described Harry White as a "Roosevelt New Dealer." Interviews with other subjects followed similar patterns. Name index at end and table of contents as follows:

Coe, Virginius Frank; Hiss, Alger; Hiss, Priscilla; Kaplan, Irving; Lee, Duncan and Isabel; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan Robert; Taylor, William H.; Wheeler, Donald N. VIEW FILE

Volume 122

June 1947

Surveillance updates, interview summaries and background memos, preparatory to summoning witnesses before a New York grand jury. Interactions of suspects in many cases recapped and confirmed. Discussion of Abraham Brothman's connection to Harry Gold. Wrap-up memo on contacts, activities of David Wahl heavily redacted. Discussion of Alexander Koral, who acted as contact between Silvermasters and agent in New York. Memo from Lou Nichols of FBI concerning David Wahl and conflict within the Jewish community over his activities.

Detailed background memo on Charles Kramer, setting forth his contacts and allegations concerning him by Whittaker Chambers and Elizabeth Bentley. Discussion of Kramer's contact with Nathan Witt, Joseph Gregg, Zalmond Franklin, Allan Rosenberg, others. Surveillance of Kramer, Victor Perlo, Irving Kaplan, Harry Magdoff proceeding to a meeting in the office of Senator Claude Pepper, for whom Kramer was a speech writer. Further updates on the courier activities of Alexander Koral. No index or table of contents. VIEW FILE

Volume 123

late May—June 1947

Further interviews and/or signed statements by suspects. Among the more significant features of this volume is its discussion of Abraham Brothman and Harry Gold, dealings with Jacob Golos and Bentley, that would eventually lead to the Julius Rosenberg case. Also included is a lengthier interview with Michael Greenberg, detailing his connections to the Institute of Pacific Relations, later employment by Lauchlin Currie in the White House, and his contacts with the Price sisters, Mildred and Mary.

Interview with Maurice Halperin covering his duties at OSS and the State Department, contacts with Philip Dunaway, Joseph Gregg, Woodrow Borah, Willard Park, and Robert Miller. He denied knowing the Silvermasters though he had been surveilled in their company. Interviews also with Mildred Price, sometime Bentley employer John Hazard Reynolds, Peter Rhodes, Helen Tenney, Dr. Abraham Weinstein. This section indexed with table of contents as follows:

Cedric Belfrage, Abraham Brothman, Harry Gold, Ray Elson, Michael Endelman, Michael Greenberg, Maurice Halperin, Mildred Price, John H. Reynolds, Peter Rhodes, Helen Tenney, Abraham Weinstein

This section is followed by miscellaneous surveillance updates, discussion of the Marzani case, and further memo on Michael Greenberg's statement that, if Justice Department sought to detain him in U.S., he would contact David Niles of the White House to go to President Truman. VIEW FILE

Volume 124

May 1947

Surveillance updates from the first two weeks of April. Another heavily blacked out section on Henry Collins. Further contacts of the Philip Dunaways with Mary Jane Keeney; Robert Miller with Joseph Gillman and Randy Feltus; Gillman with N.G. Silvermaster. Further extensive excerpts from correspondence between Mary Jane and Philip Keeney; Mary Jane discusses contact with Silvermasters, the Boyan Athanassovs, Polish embassy figure Ignatz Zlotowski, Mrs. Stanley Graze, and others. Additional Mary Jane contacts with Alix Reuther, Jay Robinson, Carl Green and Lois Carlisle. Conversation between Mary Jane and Reuther concerning E.J. Askwith.

Much of the Keeney conversation with her multiple contacts concerned her passport troubles. Among those with whom she discussed this were Eleanor Lattimore, Alice Thorner, Allan Rosenberg, David Wahl and Bowen Smith. Contacts reported between Charles Kramer and Herbert Schimmel, both apparently doing research for Senator Pepper; between Harry Magdoff and Edward Fitzgerald, Randy Feltus and Polya Habicht with the Robert Millers. Conversations of Robert Miller with Carl Green concerning Owen Lattimore. Write-up of Bureau interview of Miller, similar to those with other suspects. Further lengthy discussions between William Remington and Bureau agents, explaining his pro-Communist contacts.

Heavily blacked out section on Elizabeth Sasuly. Contact between Mrs. Maynard Gertler and Helen Silvermaster, Mrs. William Taylor with Helen Silvermaster, Further discussions of Mary Jane Keeney with Bowen Smith concerning her passport troubles and attempts to go through the office of Gen. Hilldring of State Department. Lengthy discussion of unidentified "Gregory" contacts "John" and "Jack." Name index at end with table of contents as follows:

Collins, Henry Hill, Jr.; Dunaway, Philip H.; Fitzgerald, Edward J.; Gillman, Joseph M.; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Keeney, Mary Jane and Philip Olin; Kramer, Charles; Herbert Schimmel; Lee, Duncan Chaplin; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Perlo, Victor; Remington, William Walter; Rosenberg, Allan Robert; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Silverman, George; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Smith, H. Bowen; Taylor, William Henry; Unknown subjects: "John," "Jack", "Catherine", "Bill" VIEW FILE

Volume 125

May—June 1947

Surveillance memos, interviews, and other data preparatory to grand jury sessions. Background data on V. Frank Coe, former Treasury official who followed Harry Dexter White to International Monetary Fund. Contacts set forth of Coe with George Silverman, Lauchlin Currie, Robert Miller and the Bernard Nortmans. Further background on courier role of Alex Koral. Statement of Norman Bursler on his relationship with the Silvermasters. Contacts of David Wahl with Maurice Halperin, Max Lowenthal and Bartley Crum. Further activities/contacts of Dr. Abraham Weinstein. This section with name index and table of contents as follows:

Abraham Brothman, Ursula Wasserman, Henry Hill Collins, Philip Dunaway, Ray Elson, Jack (Unknown Subject), Mary Jane Keeney, E.M. Kulischer, Harry Magdoff, Robert Talbott Miller III, Victor Perlo, Abel Plenn, Mildred Price, Peter Rhodes, Allan Rosenberg, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, David Wahl, Abraham Weinstein

Volume continues with interview/statement of Harold Glasser, setting forth his background and discussing his contacts with Mary Van Vleeck, Victor Perlo, Harry Magdoff, Harry Dexter White, V. Frank Coe, N.G. Silvermaster, William Ludwig Ullman, Alger and Donald Hiss, John Abt, Charles Kramer, George and Donald Wheeler, Allan Rosenberg, Solomon Lischinsky, Mary Jane Keeney, Carl Green, others. Miscellaneous surveillance reports and memos concerning Helen Scott (heavily redacted), Koral and the Silvermasters, a contact suggesting to Mary Jane Keeney that she converse with Philleo Nash, activities of Abel Plenn, interview with Jules Korchien including question about relationship to Benjamin Cohen of the State Department (Korchien denied knowing Cohen). Further background data on Alex Koral and Abraham Brothman. Bureau memos linking Keeneys to "Colonel Thomas" (Sergei Kournakov) and Joseph Bernstein. VIEW FILE

Volume 126

June—July 1947

Memo concerning Philip Dunaway, formerly of OSS and the Board of Economic Warfare, and the fact that a classified FBI security report on another employee was in his possession. Updates on Maurice Halperin blacked out entirely. Further background data on the Keeneys, Sergei Kournakov, Joseph Bernstein, and Philip Dunaway. Memos on Solomon Lischinsky blacked out entirely; followed by similar blackouts concerning Willard Park and Sergei Kournakov. Conversation between Mary Jane Keeney and Mrs. Bernard Nortman concerning their families' security troubles.

Interview with Willard Park concerning his connections to Maurice Halperin, the Keeneys, Louise Bransten (a cousin of his wife), Robert Miller, Minter Wood, and others. Background memo setting forth data on Harry Dexter White, allegations of Gregory/Bentley, corroboration of these by Bureau, contacts with Glasser, Coe, Solomon Adler, the Silvermasters, Harry Magdoff, Irving Kaplan and others. Contacts recorded between White associate Bernard Bernstein and Donald Hiss, White and Lee Pressman, White and Charles Kramer, White and David Karr. Connections to Amerasia case noted.

This file contains numerous memos and teletypes concerning start-up of grand jury proceedings, but with many entries redacted. Several items concerning suspension or continuation of wiretaps. Discussion by Robert Miller with Mrs. James Ansara, wife of a State Department employee fired (along with Bernard Nortman and others) on June 23, 1947, under the so-called "McCarran rider." Heavily redacted memo on Duncan Lee and his work at the law firm of Thomas Corcoran. Contacts recorded of Harry Magdoff with Solomon Lischinsky. Updates on William Remington, Charles Kramer, Mary Price, Peter Rhodes, and others. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 127

August—September 1947

Most entries in this volume concern grand jury sessions which ran throughout July of '47 then recessed until September. Several memos concerning re-interviews of suspects. At this juncture press stories appeared saying up to 20 defendants would be indicted, most of them former State Department employees, some stories intimating that the Department of Justice wasn't eager to press the charges. Several memos by Bureau officials concern such stories, inquiries about them, and discussions of possible cooperation from certain suspects (George Silverman in particular).

Discussion of a 1945 FBI report known to Maurice Halperin, then at the State Department, provided by "Lois in the American Republics" branch of State. Extensive wiretaps, summaries of conversations of Palmer Weber, Mrs. Robert Miller, Mrs. Edward Condon, Duncan Aikman, and Congressman George Bender of Ohio. Summary of interviews and grand jury appearances given in table of contents as follows:

John Abt, Abraham Brothman, Lauchlin B. Currie, Harry Dexter White, Grand Jury

This section followed by summary of interview with Earl Browder, who denied knowledge of various governmental suspects or Communist Party involvement in wrongdoing. Miscellaneous memos involving whereabouts of suspects, further surveillance and wiretap summaries. Transmission of FBI memos to then Commerce Secretary Averell Harriman concerning Edward Fitzgerald, Commerce employee. No index. VIEW FILE

Volume 128

September 1947

Relatively brief volume containing miscellaneous teletypes and memos concerning testimony of FBI agents to grand jury, plus a summary of data on certain witnesses to be presented, evidently in their expected order of appearance. This is reflected in a table of contents as follows, with name index at end:

Abraham Brothman, Catherine (Unknown Subject), Henry Hill Collins, Philip Dunaway, Maynard Gertler, Alger Hiss, Irving Kaplan, Harry Samuel Magdoff, Samuel Miller, Mildred Price, Peter Christopher Rhodes, Allen R. Rosenberg, William Henry Taylor, Abraham Benedict Weinstein

File also includes heavily redacted section on Nathan Silvermaster and Cedric Belfrage. Re-interview at end of volume with Lauchlin Currie, confirming his contacts with the Silvermasters, William Ludwig Ullman, C.B. Baldwin, Harry White, Boris Witte, and Anatoli Gromov of the Soviet embassy, but describing these as mostly social contacts with no sinister implications. VIEW FILE

Volume 129

June 1947

Wrap-up of earlier surveillance efforts—April through mid-May of '47. Heavily redacted section on Henry Collins, in which half the pages are blacked out or missing. The most detailed passages concern Alan Cranston, formerly with the Office of War Information, and his associate, David Karr. Further data on Philip Dunaway, Maurice Halperin and John De Francis, all formerly of OSS. Contacts between Dunaway, Maynard Gertler, Carol Weiss King (attorney for Gerhart Eisler), and David Wahl.

Various contacts of Alger Hiss recorded, apparently of routine nature. Conversation of Irving Kaplan with Veat Bassie as to future plans of Beanie Baldwin and Henry Wallace. Longest section of report concerns contacts and correspondence of Mary Jane Keeney and further discussion of her passport troubles. Among the many Keeney contacts were Richard Bransten, Carl Green, David Wahl, Alix Reuther, Chet Sinclair, Bowen Smith, Sylvia Schimmel, Jay Robinson, Michael Greenberg, Renee Guthman, Daniel Thorner, Lucile Ezekiel, Helen Silvermaster and Dorothy Todd.

Activities and conversations of Duncan Lee described, including contact with Herbert Fierst of the State Department. Further discussion of Irving Kaplan with Harry Magdoff concerning plans of Henry Wallace. Conversation of Magdoff with Otto Nathan about plans of Harry Dexter White. Phone contacts of Jenny (Mrs. Robert) Miller with Shura Lewis, Florence Levy (Jenny's sister), Helen Silvermaster. Discussion of Robert Miller with Wilder Spaulding concerning security case of Leonard Rennie and trial of Carl Marzani.

Thereafter Leonard Rennie discussed State Department situation with Doris (Mrs. Abel) Plenn. Previous contact reported of Abel Plenn with Andrew Older. Contacts of Allan Rosenberg with Carl Green, Carl Marzani, Elizabeth Sasuly, numerous interactions of the Silvermasters with the Robert Millers, Palmer Weber, Milada (Mrs. John) Marsalka, Polya Habicht, others. Conversation of Bowen Smith with Mary Jane Keeney about security crackdowns, in which Smith quotes Senator Glen Taylor's mood as being , "Oh well, we are all going to be in jail anyhow." Contacts of Dave Wahl with Vladimir Houdek of Czech embassy and Mikhail Valivov of Soviet embassy. Wahl contacts with Mary Jane Keeney, Herbert Fierst. Name index at end and table of contents as follows:

Collins, Henry Hill, Jr.; Dunaway, Philip; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Hiss, Alger; Kaplan, Irving; Keeney, Mary Jane and Philip Olin; Lee, Duncan Chaplin; Long, Norton E.; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Remington, William Walter; Rosenberg, Allan Robert; Silvermaster, Nathan Gregory; Smith, H. Bowen; Ullmann, William Ludwig; Wahl, David R.; Weber, Frederick Palmer VIEW FILE

Volume 130

September 1947

Surveillance summaries covering period from mid-May to August 1, '47. Many of these recap entries from previous volumes, but with some additions. Many discussions among subjects concerning security dismissals at the State Department under the McCarran rider on June 23, 1947. Among these dismissals were Leonard Rennie, James Ansara, Woodrow Borah, Bernard Nortman, Florence Levy and Harold Bellingham. Various entries record the reactions of these individuals and their contacts to the dismissals. Many sections heavily redacted, including that on Henry Collins and, even more notably, that on David Wahl. The section on Wahl runs to over 100 pages but 90-plus of these have been blacked out or removed entirely.

The summary of this section, however, states that Wahl "... continued his usual associations with Palmer Weber, Robert Zimler, Philip and Mary Keeney, Bartley Crum, Philip Dunaway, Herbert Fierst, Carl Green, Ignace Zlotowski, H. Bowen Smith, Joseph Gillman, Vladimir Houdek, Coleman Rosenberg, Maurice Halperin, Charles Kramer, Woodrow Borah, Henry Collins, M. S. Valivov, John De Francis, David Niles, Charles Flato, Owen Lattimore, Martin Popper, and Herbert Schimmel."

All but a few of these contacts are blacked out in the record. Name index at end and table of contents as follows:

Collins, Henry Hill, Jr.; Fitzgerald, Edward; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Hiss, Alger; Keeney, Philip Olin and Mary Jane; Kulischer, Eugene Michael; Lee, Duncan C. Lee; Magdoff, Harry Samuel; Marsalka, John Paul Milan; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Perazich, George N.; Perlo, Victor; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Remington, William Walter; Rosenberg, Allan Robert; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Smith, H. Bowen; Taylor, William Henry; Unknown Subject "John"; Unknown Subject "Catherine"; Wahl, David R. VIEW FILE

Volume 131

September 1947

Miscellaneous memoranda and teletypes concerning changed addresses of various suspects, follow-ups on earlier leads, and further details about surveillance. Most substantive data on the cases heavily redacted. Numerous entries, however, concerning press leaks about the investigation, grand jury proceedings and security doismissals that had occurred at the State Department. These press stories ranged from accounts saying indictments were expected, to others later saying they weren't, to complaints that the civil liberties of suspects had been violated by FBI investigative methods and State Department dismissals. Numerous Bureau memos about these stories and comments by Director Hoover condemning leaks.

Volume also contains several Bureau memoranda concerning report derived from unnamed source (Whittaker Chambers) setting forth in outline the major features of alleged Communist penetration of the government beginning in the 1930s. As the memos indicate, the Chambers data had been provided in 1945 to Raymond Murphy of the State Department or possibly to his then associate, Ben Mandel. Newspaper accounts also included pertaining to hearings of the House Committee on Un-American Activities concerning alleged Communist activities in Hollywood. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 132

October—November 1947

Follow-up Bureau memos and teletypes concerning the whereabouts of the Silvermasters and William Ludwig Ullman, background data on John Marsalka, activities of George Perazich, Mary Price, Julius Joseph, Palmer Weber, Maynard Gertler (heavily redacted), and others. Memorandum provided by the Bureau to John McCloy of the World Bank concerning Harold Glasser. Contacts of Irving Kaplan with Frank Coe, George Perazich, Solomon Adler, Harry White, Edward Fitzgerald. Updates on location of Adler, Michael Greenberg, Bernard Redmont, Donald Wheeler and others.

More press accounts and Bureau comments on grand jury proceedings and State Department security firings. Particular focus on the case of Bernard Nortman, described as "Mr. Blank," who according to detailed write-up in New York Herald Tribune was unfairly treated by the State Department. Follow-up data on the contacts of Abel Plenn. Further episodes involving leaks of grand jury proceedings to press. Reproduction of Raymond Murphy memorandum on interview with Whittaker Chambers. Bureau contact with Chambers seeking clarification. More leaked press accounts and Bureau reactions. One Bureau entry dated November 14, 1947, relates that Charles Levin of Scripps Howard had a memo on the grand jury proceedings saying "the case was loaded with political implications, that there were so many FBI agents who had worked on the case that the AG feared unless something was done they might leave the service and take the case to Congress, that after the first week's testimony the grand jury was so angry that they wanted to indict immediately without proceeding further on the matter." No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 133

November 1947

Surveillance updates for August and September. Another heavily redacted volume, with numerous pages blacked out or withdrawn entirely. Items concerning V. Frank Coe, Bela and Sonia Gold, Bernard Nortman, Allan Rosenberg of brief and routine nature. Contact reported between Mrs. Duncan Lee and Mrs. Alger Hiss. Contacts of Solomon Lischinsky of UNRRA with Harry Magdoff, Robert Miller with Duncan Aikman, Randy Feltus, and Abe Fortas. At this time the New York grand jury sessions had resumed, and Miller wanted Fortas' advice as to a possible appearance before the jury.

Among the heavily blacked out sections of the volume are those concerning Ruth Rifkin, Elizabeth Sasuly, and David Wahl. As in other volumes, the section on Wahl is the most heavily redacted, with more than 35 pages held back and no substantive information provided. Among the Wahl-related items listed in the Bureau index but deleted from the text are the names of Bartley Crum, General Hilldring, Herbert Fierst, Owen Lattimore, Max Lowenthal and Martin Popper. Name index at end and table of contents as follows:

Coe, Virginius Frank; Gold, Bela and Sonia; Hiss, Alger; Lischinsky, Solomon Aaron; Miller, Robert Talbott III; Nortman, P. Bernard; Plenn, Abel Rolf; Remington, William Walter; Rifkin, Ruth; Rosenberg, Allan; Sasuly, Elizabeth; Taylor, William H.; Wahl, David R.; White, Harry Dexter VIEW FILE

Volume 134

November—December 1947

Miscellaneous Bureau teletypes and memos concerning Cedric Belfrage, Donald Wheeler, and Maynard Gertler, a lost FBI security report supplied to the Treasury Department, and messages back and forth about the conduct of the grand jury sessions. Press stories were at the time appearing saying the grand jury would come up "with nothing sensational," and otherwise reporting aspects of the proceedings suggesting leaked information. Intimations by Director Hoover that the source of such leaks should be investigated. Numerous individual papers in this volume redacted or held back.

Among the unredacted items in this volume is a Hoover letter to the Office of Naval Intelligence concerning Stephen Brunauer, a civilian employee of the Navy, working on scientific matters, saying he had been denied access to restricted data by the Atomic Energy Commission. Several memos concerning loyalty-security investigation of Sol Adler. One of the most extensive items is a memorandum on Julius J. Joseph, former employee of OSS, more recently with UNRRA, his background and affiliations, contacts with Philip Dunaway, Allan Rosenberg, and David Wahl.

The Joseph memo is followed by a similar update on Sol Adler, based on a Bureau informant and backgound investigation. Among the Adler contacts reported in this wrap-up: Lauchlin Currie, Harry Magdoff, George Silverman, Sol Lischinsky, Harry White, Irving Kaplan, the Silvermasters, William Ludwig Ullman, V. Frank Coe, and Harold Glasser. No index or table of contents. VIEW FILE

Volume 135

January—February 1948

Numerous redacted teletypes and memos, most of these apparently concerning witnesses before the New York grand jury, which had recessed over the New Year holiday. Inquiries to the Bureau from the Department of Justice as to whether Whittaker Chambers would be willing to testify in a loyalty hearing concerning Solomon Adler. Bureau memo of January 24, indicating that FBI data on Robert Miller would be provided to Congressman Busbey of Illinois. The data on Miller included his numerous contacts with Joseph Gregg, Maurice Halperin, the Silvermasters, Alger Hiss, and Harry Dexter White.

Extensive data on contacts of N.G. Silvermaster, including several candidates for employment with the Atomic Energy Commission. Derogatory comments on certain of these subjects by Examiners for the Civil Service Loyalty Review Board, noting the contacts of one subject to David Wahl. Further memo on grand jury session; but with virtually all substantive information redacted. Main subjects of the unredacted portion are further comments on Cedric Belfrage, media treatment of grand jury sessions and press leaks concerning these, plus further memos on possible testimony by Whittaker Chambers. No index or table of contents. VIEW FILE

Volume 136

February 1948

Further surveillance summaries and background data from the fall of '47 through January '48. First item in the volume is a six-page report on Alice Demerjian, a close contact of Mary Jane Keeney, but with nearly all substantive information deleted. Contacts of Edward Fitzgerald with Irving Kaplan; extensive statement given to Bureau agent by Harold Glasser; explains contact with Solomon Lischinsky, Allan Rosenberg, John Abt, Donald Hiss, Harry White, the Silvermasters, and others. Contacts of Irving Kaplan with Harry Magdoff, Veet Bassie, Sol Lischinsky, Edward Fitzgerald, Russ Nixon, John Dierkes, Henry Collins, George Perazich and others.

Similar updates on Charles Kramer and Herbert Schimmel, doing research, respectively, for Sen. Claude Pepper and Congressman George Bender; contacts of Kramer recorded with Victor Perlo, Nathan Witt, Martin Popper. Discussions by Robert Miller with his sister-in-law Florence Levy, who had been ousted from the State Department, and with Abe Fortas about the New York grand jury. Miller discussion with Julia Older about her marriage to Nathan Helfgott. Contact between Miller and James Ansara, another suspended State Department employee. Further interactions of George Perazich with Irving Kaplans. Section on H. Bowen Smith blacked out entirely. Table of contents as follows:

Alice Margaret Demerjian, Edward Fitzgerald, Harold S. Glasser, Irving Kaplan, Charles Kramer, Murray Webb Latimer, Duncan C. Lee, Harry Samuel Magdoff; Robert Talbott Miller, III; George N. Perazich, Victor Perlo, William Walter Remington, H. Bowen Smith VIEW FILE

Volume 137

March—April 1948

Further updates on grand jury matters, again with many redactions. Memo from FBI Director Hoover recounting discussion with Justice official Vincent Quinn concerning the likelihood that the grand jury, though exercised by the conduct of the Bentley suspects, was unlikely to return any indictments. Suggestion by Quinn that Justice might instead seek indictments of the leaders of the Communist Party. Hoover skepticism as to whether indictments could successfully be prosecuted under either scenario. Several follow-up memos devoted to this subject.

Meanwhile, as reflected in several memos, the Bureau learned that Elizabeth Bentley had been in contact with Scripps Howard reporters Nelson Frank and Frederick Woltman about her story. Hoover memo to the Attorney General emphatically denies that Victor Perlo had been kept on at the Treasury Department at the instigation of the FBI. Bureau memos of April 15 and 16 advising that the Bentley suspects would be no-billed by the grand jury, that there would be no presentment, and that the option of pursuing the CP leaders would be followed instead. As noted in another memo, the Justice Department apparently saw this as a way of deflecting bad publicity concerning the no-bills of the Gregory suspects. Further memos about loyalty investigation of Sol Adler at the Treasury Department. Several Bureau memos about Gregory/Bentley talking to reporters and possible media pressure for action by Congress. Memo on background and activities of James Roy Newman. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 138

June—August 1948

Follow-up memos on grand jury situation, indicating there would be no presentment concerning the Bentley suspects, and that the focus instead would be on the Communist Party leaders. Further developments in the case reflected as Nelson Frank and the Scripps-Howard papers went public with the Bentley story, and the House Committee on Un-American Activities and Senate Expenditures Committee subpoenaed her to appear before them. Numerous Bureau memos commenting on these matters, increasing press attention to the Gregory cases, and the conduct of the congressional hearings.

A memo of August 5, 1948, from FBI official Mickey Ladd to Hoover says Department of Justice was concerned that congressional inquiries developing information on the distribution of FBI reports on Remington and others "could place too much blame on administration for taking no action." Contemporaneous memo (August 2) that Whittaker Chambers would appear before the House Committee. Discussion thereafter as to why Chambers had not been called before the grand jury. Memo of August 6 reflects that Justice wanted to pursue Chambers, not Alger Hiss, for perjury. Wrap up memos on Donald Wheeler and Duncan Lee, both formerly of OSS. Background memo on Gardner Jackson as possible witness concerning Hiss.

As questions had arisen concerning whether and to what degree the FBI had disseminated information to top officials about the Bentley/Gregory allegations and the results of its own investigation, Director Hoover had the Bureau prepare a summary of such disseminations, the dates on which reports were made and who received them. This 58-page report, dated August 4, concerned the following individuals, as set forth in the table of contents:

Individuals employed in administrative departments and agencies of the U.S. Government, November, 1945:

Solomon Adler, Norman Chandler Bursler, Virginius Frank Coe, Edward Joseph Fitzgerald, Harold Glasser, Bela Gold, Sonia Gold, Michael Greenberg, Joseph B. Gregg, Maurice Halperin, Irving Kaplan, Duncan Chaplin Lee, Harry Samuel Magdoff; Robert T. Miller, III; Victor Perlo, Bernard Sidney Redmont, Amman Robert Rosenberg, William Henry Taylor, William Ludwig Ullmann, Donald Niven Wheeler

Individuals who were not employed in administrative departments or agencies of the U.S. Government in November, 1945:

John Abt, Rose Gregg, Charles Kramer, Solomon Lischinsky, Abraham George Silverman, Helen Silvermaster VIEW FILE

Volume 139

July—August 1948

Miscellaneous communications and comments to and within the FBI concerning the William Remington case, the Bentley allegations, a precis of her testimony to the Senate, plus that of Remington himself. Comments quoted from President Truman attacking the Hill investigations and saying these matters had already been looked at by the grand jury. A further memo of August 10 records congressional answers to these comments.

Various memos also concerning the testimony of Whittaker Chambers before the House Committee concerning Alger Hiss, suggestions that Chambers had been in a mental institution, and FBI comment that it had no information to such effect. Press commentary in which Commerce Department officials indicated they hadn't been properly informed by the FBI as to the activities of William Remington, Bureau responses to these allegations. Teletype confirmation that Chambers had not been called before the New York grand jury. Further updates on various lesser suspects. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 140

July—August 1948

Further teletypes and memos relating to the rapidly developing Hill investigations, press coverage of these, and questions being directed to the FBI about them. Memorandum of August 20 reflects questions from a U.S. representative of the International Monetary Fund concerning the presence on its payroll of V. Frank Coe, William Taylor, and Irving Friedman. Various further memos about individual suspects, heavily redacted in some cases. Summaries of testimony before the House Committee on Un-American Activities by Lauchlin Currie, Harry Dexter White and others. Lengthy memorandum from Donald Hiss, denying the allegations of Whittaker Chambers. Relatively brief volume with no table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 141

August 1948

Memoranda, congressional hearing transcripts, and printed witness statements pertaining to testimony of Elizabeth Bentley before the Senate Expenditures subcommittee and House Committee on Un-American Activities in July 1948. Memos also concerning testimony of Whittaker Chambers, and question of when government agencies were advised by FBI concerning suspects on official payrolls. Particular focus on who was advised about case of William Remington, and when. Brief memo concerning Dean Rusk of State Department contacts with Alger Hiss. Several Bureau memos devoted to question of whether Whittaker Chambers had ever been confined to a mental institution.

Bureau comments also about Bentley testimony to Congress, comparing her statements there to information she had previously given the FBI. Bulk of volume is devoted to reprinting Bentley testimony to HCUA on July 31, 1948 and the Senate subcommittee on July 30. Further memoranda devoted to analyzing press accounts of Bentley allegations, inquiries from press corps about the cases. Data concerning a Bentley contact named Bernice Levin, affairs of U.S. Service and Shipping Corporation where Bentley had worked, activities of its president, John Hazard Reynolds, and company's finances. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 142

August—September 1948

Miscellaneous Bureau memos and teletypes about congressional investigations; including inquiries from Congressmen Richard Nixon and Karl Mundt. Key passages of some memoranda redacted and many pages withheld. Considerable focus on William Remington testimony to the Senate. Bureau interview with Boris Volkov—ex-husband of Helen Silvermaster—and further background information on Volkov, mostly pertaining to Volkov's knowledge of N.G. Silvermaster in California. Memos concerning data supplied to Army G-2 by the FBI about Julius J. Joseph and other Bentley suspects.

Interview and background data on Bernice Levin, subject of Bentley allegations. Further update on U.S. Service and Shipping Corporation. FBI memo discussing Hoover view that cases in Bentley investigation could not be successfully prosecuted, "particularly since in the Jaffe [Amerasia] case where there was a great deal of documentary evidence, the prosecution had failed miserably." Memorandum concerning Adolf Berle testimony to HCUA about data supplied to him by Whittaker Chambers in 1939 re Hiss and others, as to whether such info had been made available to the Bureau. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 143

August—September 1948

Memos and teletypes concerning interaction of Hill investigations, grand jury proceedings, FBI, and administration. Discussion of whether Whittaker Chambers should appear before grand jury and inquiry by Justice Department as to whether he had been institutionalized. Bureau response that it had no information to such effect. Memo from D.M. Ladd to Director Hoover recapping Bureau interview with Chambers in May 1945. Further memo from Ladd recounting dissemination of Chambers intel to government departments and why Chambers had not been before grand jury.

Again, numerous memoranda redacted entirely or in major part concerning specific suspects and leads being followed. Several memos involving press accounts about inaction on Remington and other cases, including suggestion that suspects had been kept on payroll to aid in investigation. Hoover denial of any such procedure. Concerning question of whether the FBI had informed top U.S. officials of Bentley/Gregory and investigative information, Bureau prepared a 62-page summary of reports provided to Federal agencies from November of 1945 forward. This appears toward back of volume, indexed as follows:

John J. Abt, Abraham Brothman, Lauchlin Currie, Ray Elson, Anatoli B. Gromov, Julius Joseph Joseph, Charles Kramer, Solomon A. Lischinsky, William E. Park, George M. Perazich, Mary Wolfe Price, Ruth Rifkin, Abraham George Silverman, Hazen Edward Size, Anatole Boris Volkov VIEW FILE

Volume 144

August—September 1948

Among the largest volumes in the series, this file consists almost entirely of 451-page report summarizing data on the various Bentley cases, results of investigation, interviews with suspects, and background on Soviet representatives involved. Also included in the report is a summary of witnesses appearing before grand jury, but all names in this section are redacted. This appears to be the most comprehensive report about the Gregory suspects ever put together by the Bureau. Sixty-page index at end, and table of contents as follows:

I. PREDICATION

Background of Gregory
Synopsis of Gregory's Courier Activities

II. METHOD OF OPERATION OF SOVIET ESPIONAGE SYSTEM

III. THE SILVERMASTER GROUP

Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, Helen Witte Silvermaster, Schlomer Adler, Norman Chandler Bursler, Virginius Frank Coe, Lauchlin Bernard Currie, Bela Gold, Sonia Steinman Gold, Irving Kaplan, Abraham George Silverman, William Henry Taylor, William Ludwig Ullmann, Anatole Boris Volkov, Harry Dexter White

IV. THE PERLO GROUP

Victor Perlo, Edward Joseph Fitzgerald, Harold Glasser, Alger Hiss, Charles Kramer, Solomon Aaron Lischinsky, Harry Samuel Magdoff, George M. Perazich, Allan Robert Rosenberg, Donald Niven Wheeler

V. MISCELLANEOUS INDIVIDUALS IN WASHINGTON, D.C.

Michael Greenberg, Joseph R. Gregg, Maurice Halperin, Julius Joseph Joseph, Duncan Chaplin Lee, Robert Talbott Miller III, Willard Zerbe Park, Mary Wolfe Price, Bernard Sidney Redmont, William Wilbur Remington, Christopher Rhodes, Peter Christopher Rhodes, Ruth Rifkin, Hazen Edward Size, Helen Barrett Tenney

VI. MISCELLANEOUS INDIVIDUALS IN NEW YORK CITY AND VICINITY

John J. Abt, Cedric Henning Belfrage, Abraham Brothman, Ray Elson, Michael Endelman, Mildred Price, Colonel John Hazard Reynolds, Abraham Benedict Weinstein

VII. SOVIET REPRESENTATIVES

Fedor Alexeevich Garanin, Anatoli Borisovich Gromov, Olga Borisovna Pravdina

VIII. PROSECUTIVE ACTION
VIEW FILE

Volume 145

August—September 1948

Further summaries of FBI investigative efforts, dissemination of Bureau reports, prosecutorial action, and data emerging from congressional hearings. Main body of report is similar to that in Volume 144, but greatly condensed in several places. Otherwise, main differences are (a) inclusion of dissemination data to top officials, (b) graphic charts reflecting the distribution of these reports and (c) list of grand jury witnesses is not redacted. Index at front and table of contents as follows:

INTRODUCTION

I. ALLEGATIONS OF ELIZABETH TERRILL BENTLEY CONCERNING SOVIET ESPIONAGE IN THE UNITED STATES EXTENDING INTO AGENCIES OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT.

Communist Party Activities Leading Up to Participation in Soviet Espionage.
Bentley's Courier Activities in Commection With Soviet Espionage
Original FBI Investigation
Distribution of Information Furnished by Bentley

White House
State Department
Attorney General

II. SUMMARY OF FBI INVESTIGATION

Silvermaster Group

Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, Helen Witte Silvermaster, Solomon Adler, Norman Chandler Bursler, Virginius Frank Coe, Lauchlin Bernard Currie, Bela Gold, Sonia Steinman Gold, Irving Kaplan, Abraham George Silverman, William Henry Taylor, William Ludwig Ullman, Anatole Boris Volkov, Harry Dexter White (Deceased)

Perlo Group

Victor Perlo, Edward Joseph Fitzgerald, Harold Glasser, Alger Hiss, Charles Kramer, Solomon Aaron Lischinsky, Harry Samuel Magdoff, George M. Perazich, Allan Robert Rosenberg, Donald Niven Wheeler

Miscellaneous Individuals in Washington, D.C.

Michael Greenberg, Joseph B. Gregg, Maurice Halperin, Julius Joseph Joseph, Duncan Chaplin Lee, Robert Talbott Miller III, William Zerbe Park, Mary Wolfe Price, Bernard Sidney Redmont, William Walter Remington, Peter Christopher Rhodes, Ruth Rifkin, Hazen Edward Sise, Helen B. Tenney

Miscellaneous Individuals in New York and Vicinity

John J. Abt, Abraham Brothman, Louis Budenz, Ray Elson, John Hazard Reynolds

Soviet Representatives

Anatoli B. Gromov

III. DISTRIBUTION OF MATERIAL CONCERNING THOSE EMPLOYED IN AGENCIES OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT IN NOVEMBER, 1945

Solomon Adler, Norman Chandler Bursler, Virginius Frank Coe, Edward Joseph Fitzgerald, Harold Glasser, Bela Gold, Sonia Steinman Gold, Michael Greenberg, Joseph B. Gregg, Maurice Halperin, Alger Hiss, Irving Kaplan, Duncan Chaplin Lee, Harry Samuel Magdoff; Robert T. Miller, III; Victor Perlo, Bernard Sidney Redmont, William Walter Remington, John Hazard Reynolds, Peter Christopher Rhodes, Allan Robert Rosenberg, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, William Henry Taylor, Helen B. Tenney, William Ludwig Ullmann, Donald Niven Wheeler, Harry Dexter White

IV. SUMMARY OF PROSECUTIVE STEPS

Information re Bentley's Allegations Furnished to Attorney General
Presentation of Case to Attorney General for Possible Prosecution
Investigative Summaries Sent to Attorney General
Investigative Reports Sent to Attorney General
Interviews Conducted at Direction of Attorney General
Federal Grand Jury, Northern District of New York

(a) Identities of Attorneys Who Handled Case Before Grand Jury
(b) Date Federal Grand Jury Convened
(c) Identities of Subjects and Other Who Appeared Before Federal Grand Jury
(d) Final Action of Federal Grand Jury

V. MISCELLANEOUS

Interest of Treasury Department re Treasury Employees Involved in This Case.
Summary Entitled "Underground Soviet Espionage Organization (NKVD) in Agencies of the United States Government" Found in War Assets Administration

VI. TESTIMONY OF BENTLEY AND PERSONS NAMED BY HER BEFORE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES

John J. Abt, Elizabeth Terrill Bentley, Virginius Frank Coe, Lauchlin Currie, Bela Gold, Sonia Steinman Gold, Alger Hiss, Alexander Koral, Charles Kramer, Duncan Chaplin Lee, Rober T. Miller III, Victor Perlo, William Walter Remington, Abraham George Silverman, Nathan Gregory Silvermaster, William Ludwig Ullmann, Harry Dexter White (Deceased)
VIEW FILE

Volume 146

October 1948

Follow-up memos concerning individual suspects, re-interview of Boris Volkov, lengthy discussion of papers of Jacob Golos. Statement that grand jury was reluctant to issue presentment due to proximity of election and would reconvene when election was over. Relatively brief volume with no table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 147

October 1948—March 1949

Miscellaneous memos over a span of several months, mostly relating to Whittaker Chambers. Opening memo on Chambers appearance before grand jury on October 14, 1948, but with substance of testimony redacted. Thereafter recap of information Chambers had previously given the FBI concerning Dr, Philip Rosenbleitt, who according to Chambers had made his office available for secret CP meetings. Further memos concerning Chambers' grand jury testimony, with substance heavily redacted.

Bureau memos of early December report that House Committee on Un-American Activities had information concerning typewritten letter allegedly written by Alger Hiss and in Chambers' possession. Further summaries of grand jury proceedings, again heavily redacted. January discussion of previously unidentified Bentley suspect "Jack," and possibility that his case will lead to new phase of investigation. Background on family of Bernice Levin. Communication from Attorney General Clark to J. Edgar Hoover about newspaper editorial accusing the FBI of dropping the ball in Bentley-Chambers investigation. Hoover memo in response to this.

Last section of volume consists of further Tom Clark memos of February '49, relating to delays in handling cases, failure of grand jury to hand down indictments, and the fact that key data in Hiss case were developed by House Committee. This is answered point-by-point by D.M. Ladd in a memo to Hoover of February 15, 1949. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 148

March 1949

Memoranda, heavily redacted, concerning Mr. and Mrs. Edward Rosskam, connected to the investigation of Ursula Wasserman and the Keeneys. Brief memo on the case of Judith Coplon, details redacted, also linked to Wasserman data. Further memos concerning "Jack" and the Edward Rosskams. Complete listing of main suspects in "Gregory" investigation, and various of their key contacts, numbering more than 70 people. Detailed memo on George Perazich and his alleged attempt to develop information on the atom project. Relatively brief section, with many blank pages. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 149

October—November 1949

Summary of less prominent cases on which reports had been filed by New York office, and list of others that were pending. Main feature of volume is an 88-page compilation of all Bureau references to Alger Hiss, as developed in the Gregory investigation, such references numbering more than 7,000. Cover sheet notes that these don't include material from main file on Hiss—an entirely separate set of volumes—but only those included in the Silvermaster record. Rest of volume consists primarily of hand-writing and typewriter samples and lab reports concerning these. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 150

March 1950-January 1952

Miscellaneous follow-ups on aspects of the Gregory investigation, extending over several months. Memos concerning individual suspects and possible legal action relating to them, activities of Elizabeth Bentley, and further investigation of various cases by committees of Congress. Lengthy memo about contacts of Willard Park, and his purchase of a house in Loudoun County, Virginia. Numerous memos involving relationship of Bentley with John Brunini, foreman of grand jury that indicted William Remington. Concern by Bureau that Brunini's assistance to Bentley in writing a book about her experiences would reflect adversely on prosecution.

Further memos concerning possible knowledge of Solomon Adler concerning Owen Lattimore, noting that Adler had gone to England, and discussion of other suspects still of investigative interest to the Bureau. Exerpts from memodandum by FBI agent Edward Morgan asserting that there was no possible legal case against the Bentley suspects and that investigation should be discontinued, with possible exception of trying to get one of the weaker suspects to break. Identification of unknown Bentley contact "Jack" as Joseph Katz. Wrap-up on the corrent status of Boris Volkov, William Ludwig Ullmann, Duncan Lee, George Silverman, Robert Miller and Victor Perlo, and possible actions to be taken related to them.

Summaries also of Bentley data on cases related to Joseph Katz, with principal focus on former employees of OSS, including Duncan Lee, Julius Joseph, Helen Tenney, and Donald Wheeler. Discussed also are Joseph Gregg, Edward Fitzgerald, Allan Rosenberg, and Victor Perlo -- all this concerning documents allegedly conveyed to Katz via Bentley from U.S. employees. Memo of January 15, 1951, saying Gregory case is "closed." Remainder of volume devoted mostly to testimony of Bentley and Louis Budenz to House Committee on Un-American Activities, January 15, 1952. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 151

April 1951-January 1952

Numerous memos, stretched over several months, concerning what to do with $2,000 Bentley had received from the Russians and turned over to the FBI -- i.e., whether the money should be returned to Bentley. May 7, 1951 memo concerning remarks of Senator Homer Ferguson on the case of Judith Coplon and other similar cases. Several memoranda from August and September '51 concerning Bentley information on Canadian official Lester Pearson and his alleged contacts with Canadian suspect Hazel Size.

Also, discussion of William Remington court case, then in progress, follow-up concerning Maurice Halperin, formerly of OSS, with most details redacted, but apparently similar to earlier discussions involving OSS employees and Joseph Katz. Many technical/administrative memos. Two memos toward end of volume, dated January 1952, concerning reaction of former treasury secretary Henry Morgenthau to Bentley-Chambers allegations against Harry Dexter White. Morgenthau quoted as calling Bentley a "bitch," saying he knew nothing of subversive activities of White and wanted information from the Bureau about the case. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 152

January-April 1952

Volume is mostly devoted to memos and technical paperwork concerning disposition of the $2,000 Bentley received from the Russians. Next largest section of volume is further reproduction of testimony to House Committee on Un-American Activities by Bentley, relating to Max and Grace Granich, two prominent Bureau suspects. Memoranda concerning possible action against George Silverman and N. G. Silvermaster under the Internal Security Act of 1950. Brief volume with no index or table of contents. VIEW FILE

Volume 153

June 1952

This is a massive summary of the Bureau files on N.G. Silvermaster, correlating innumerable specific reports about him, his activities and contacts known to the Bureau from1942-52. Its 350 pages include background on Silvermaster himself, including West Coast activities dating from the 1920s, his government jobs, his many official and unofficial contacts, and closely connected cases involved in the investigation. Also included are results of bacground interviews with winesses who knew Silvermaster in various phases of his career.

Though heavily redacted in places, this volume is in some ways the most complete of all FBI reports on Silvermaster himself- as it pulls together, from scores of files under many different headings, data on his activities and associations. The correlation includes references from lesser known Hatch Act investigations, field reports from Bureau agents in other cases, and internal security investigations of people outside the list of Gregory suspects. File contains information on many such cases, indicating suspects in and around the Federal government not otherwise mentioned in the Gregory wrap-ups. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 154

June 1952

A continuaion of the correlations begun in Volume 153, of approximately the same length, the two volumes together totalling almost 700 pages. Again, numerous data pulled together from diverse Bureau files concerning N.G. Silvermaster and his contacts. Once more, many individuals are mentioned who don't figure prominantly in the Gregory/Bentley case, but who had some relevance to Silvermaster and/or other key figures in the inquest. These references indicate that there were far more suspects in the Bureau's view than the already numerous group spotted in the main investigation.

As to previously mentioned cases, the file again reflects substantial interaction among the major players, and also with some less prominent in Bureau records: The Silvermasters and Mrs. Edward Condon, William Ullmann, John Marsalka, David Wahl, Mary Jane and Philip Keeney, the Robert Millers, George Silverman, Irving Kaplan, Harry White, V. Frank Coe, Sol Adler, and many others earlier cited appear repeatedly. Among the lesser figures noted are E.J. Askwith, Alice Demerjian, Richard and Elizabeth Sasuly, H. Bowen Smith, Gordon Griffiths, Joseph Gillman, Norman Bursler, Ursula Wasserman, Mike Naigles, Palmer Weber, and still others even less conspicuous in histories of the era. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 155

July 1952-November 1953

Mostly consists of memoranda and teletypes exchanged within the Bureau concerning possible follow-up action on Bentley and other cases. At this time there were more congressional investigations occurring that involved the Bentley suspects -- in particular hearings of the Senate INternal Security subcommitte involving the Institute of Pacific Relations, Harry Dexter White and the question of "interlocking subversion in the Federal government." All these in some measure tracked with the Bureau's earlier investigations, and involved many of the same cases.

Among specific matters documented in the volume are thequestion of requiring Communist groups to register under the Internal Security Act of 1950, and possible related action against Bentley suspects N.G. Silvermaster, Irving Kaplan and George Silverman. Memoranda concerning China-related figures Manuel Fox, Chi Chao-ting, the relation of Chi to Solomon Adler and their joint activities in China adverse to Chiang Kai-shek. Several memos relating to Senate hearings then in progress, contact between the FBI and Robert Morris of the Senate subcommittee, contacts with the staff of Sen. Joe McCarthy concerning pending investigation.

File also includes a six-page Bureau memo on James Roy Newman, a contact of Dr. Edward Condon. Another memo providing background on the transfer of German occupation currency plates to the Soviet Union, under investigation by the McCarthy Committee (Elizabeth Bentley a witness in these hearings). Hoover memos concerning retention of Victor Perlo at the Treasury in the 1940s, others concerning the parallel case of Harry Dexter White. In both instances, there were contentions that the suspects had been kept on at the instigation of the FBI. Hoover and the Bureau vehemently denied this, in memos that make up most of the first section of the volume. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 156

November 1953

Following up on the final pages of Volume 155, this consists of reports and memoranda concerning Harry Dexter White. Volume opens with memoranda touching on McCarthy investigation at Fort Monmouth, but almost all the remainder is devoted to the White case. This was at a time when controversy developed between Eiisenhower Attorney General Herbert Brownell and former President Harry Truman as to what had been done a bout White, his promotion to the International Monetary Fund, and whether the Bureau had properly informed Truman of White's status as a Bentley suspect.

In response to this dispute, the FBI pulled together various of the reports it had filed concerning White, his relationship to the Silvermaster case, the dissemination of these to the White House, Treasury and other agencies, and the dates on which these were provided. Also included are memoranda by Hoover and others concerning the controversy in the case, which culminated with th testimony of both Hoover and Brownell before the Senate Internal Security subcommittee November 17. Copies of the testimony of both officials are included. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 157

December 1953

An indexing volume that lists the "serials" in the Silvermaster file, and the sections in which they appear, pertaining to all the major Bentley suspects. VIEW FILE

Volume 158

December 1953

Further guides to indexing and procedures used. However, main feature of volume is a series of "dissemination" summaries, concerning various Bentley cases, showing the FBI reports provided to top officials in each case, and when these were provided. Also included are memoranda concerning alien property seizures following World War II, and the role played in this by Harry Dexter White, V. Frank Coe, and other in the Treasury Department. Numerous Treasury documents included on this subject.

Volume continues with further discussion of reports provided to the Treasury under Truman concerning Bentley suspects. Several detailed memoranda set forth the efforts of he Bureau to provide reports to Treasury on suspects working there, including the main summaries of the case, to whom they were delivered, and when. Volume concludes with wrap-up on the McCarthy Committee investigation on currency plates, and reprints the report of the committee. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 159

1954, various dates

Miscellaneous memos, news stories and internal Bureau comments on the aftermath of the Gregory case. Several items pertaining to the special grand jury that heard the case from June '47 until December '48, and why no indictments were returned against the original Bentley suspects. Further memoranda concerning major figures in the case -- Silvermaster, Perlo, Ullmann, Glasser and others. Allegations that the Justice Department didn't have key FBI reports about the cases shown to be in error. Discussion also of contention by Bentley that there were still other spy rings not yet uncovered.

Memoranda also as to further efforts to mak a legal case against certain of the Bentley suspects, under legislation granting immunity to cooperating defendants. additional rundowns on whereabouts of several subjects of investigation, aimed at identifying someone who would cooperate in such prosecution. Memoranda concerning impanelling of new grand juries to pursue this. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 160

September 1954-May 1955

More aftermath developments from Bentley/Gregory case. First part of volume consists of updates on whereabouts of main suspects, geared to possible prosecutive action under immunity statute. The chief object of these updates was to locate a member or members of the Silvermaster network who might after the lapse of years have had a change of heart. Remainder of volume, about three quarters of total, concerns allegations and legal action by William Henry Taylor, named by Bentley as part of the Harry White operation at Treasury, contesting these assertions.

In an extended legal brief, Taylor denied the Bentley statements, and focused on asserted inaccuracies in reports by the FBI concerning Taylor and the Treasury group. The FBI prepared an equally voluminous and detailed response to these Taylor charges. This involved further interviews of Bentley, a minute re-examination of earlier Bureau reports, and point-by-point commentary on Taylor’s statements. The documents here reproduced include these comments and memoranda, plus inter-office memos concerning details in early FBI reports that were in some way in error (e.g., exactly when N.G. Silvermaster was in the Treasury Department). No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 161

July 1955-October 1957

Further updates on William Henry Taylor allegations and responses of the Bureau. Particular focus on the question of whether the suspect named by Bentley was some other William Taylor at the Treasury Department. FBI, based on its investigation, strongly contest this mistaken-identity contention. Taylor attorney Byron Scott, in correspondence with the Bureau, also raised still other inaccuracies and/or inconsistencies in Bentley’s testimony and FBI/Justice Department statements relating to the case. The Bureau went over all this in detail and the first part of the volume consists of memos on the subject.

Next main item in the volume is a summary of the Silvermaster case, dated December 6, 1955. This is a recap of earlier reports and memos concerning Bentley’s statements, results of FBI investigations relating to the suspects, and pertinent data on the cases. Also included are developments on various individual cases in congressional hearings. Volume concludes with a 190-page “correlation summary,” dating from 1958, pulling together reports on individual suspects from a multitude of Bureau documents from the 1940s through the 1950s. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE

Volume 162

March 1958-April 1978

Miscellaneous documents pertaining to the Bentley/Silvermaster case, plus memos and correspondence relating to other major cases connected in some way to the investigation. The latter include letters concerning, e.g., the case of Alger Hiss and that of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, as outside researchers and family members sought access to the Bureau files. Also included are further memos on the William Henry Taylor allegations, testimony in Congress relating to the larger subject, and the possibility that, even in the latter 1950s, some of the Bentley/Silvermaster suspects might cooperate. Of historical interest are letters and memoranda relating to efforts of Allen Weinstein to obtain Bureau records on Hiss. No table of contents or index. VIEW FILE